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Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Arizona (Sediment)

Metadata Updated: February 4, 2022

The Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed (WGEW) sediment collection program, established in 1953, provides event-based data for semiarid rangeland erosion, sediment transport, and yield research. Sediment loads carried through the channel network on the WGEW are high, but are typical of semiarid rangelands, and are influenced by soils, geologic parent material, and geomorphology. Typical monsoon thunderstorm generated flows in dryland regions are characterized by high velocities, short durations, and heavy and coarse sediment loads. Sediment is measured in conjunction with discharge measurements [Stone et al., 2008] that are integral to converting sample values to runoff event-based values. Sampling initiated in the 1960s was done with point intake pump samplers. The single point sampler intake tubes were later replaced with tubes that rise in response to flow and are perforated to collect depth integrated samples. Sampling with each of these systems is limited to suspended sediment smaller than the 0.635 cm diameter of the intake slots. Pump samplers are in use at the outlet of small watersheds where overland flow is the dominant hydrologic driver of sediment transport, and particles are small. As watershed size increases on the WGEW, in general, the channel network can dominate sediment delivery processes as it evolves to carry an increasingly coarse, and vertically sorted, sediment load. A traversing slot sediment sampler was designed in response to limitations of alternative sampling methods such as the pump sampler. The data collection network was expanded in 2002 and pit traps were added below the overfall at flumes 63.103 and 63.104. Analysis of these data, and efforts to process and make available the historic data, are ongoing.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: Creative Commons CCZero

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Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date February 4, 2022

Metadata Source

Harvested from USDA JSON

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date February 4, 2022
Publisher Agricultural Research Service
Identifier WalnutSediment_jjm_2015-03-23_1301
Data Last Modified 2022-01-05
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 005:18
Metadata Context
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 58ec258c-f239-4d1a-9e51-ee005e53a275
Harvest Source Id d3fafa34-0cb9-48f1-ab1d-5b5fdc783806
Harvest Source Title USDA JSON
Old Spatial {"type":"Polygon","coordinates":-110.2,31.773,-109.9,31.773,-109.9,31.662,-110.2,31.662}
Program Code 005:040
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 7a2bf7e19ae3bf8b0ef9308b54b819ab23079b3d
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type":"Polygon","coordinates":-110.2,31.773,-109.9,31.773,-109.9,31.662,-110.2,31.662}

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