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LANDFIRE 2016 Remap Annual Disturbance Guam Northern Mariana Islands

Metadata Updated: October 29, 2023

LANDFIRE's (LF) Annual Disturbance (Dist) product provides temporal and spatial information related to landscape change. Dist depicts areas that have experienced a disturbance within a given year of 4.5 hectares (11 acres) or larger, along with cause and severity. Information sources include national fire mapping programs such as Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS), Burned Area Reflectance Classification (BARC), and Rapid Assessment of Vegetation Condition after Wildfire (RAVG), local user/agency contributed data (LF Events Geodatabase), and remotely sensed Landsat imagery. Composite Landsat image pairs from the current year, prior year, and following year are spectrally compared to determine where change occurred and its corresponding severity. Additionally, vegetation indices (Normalized Differenced Vegetation Index [NDVI] and Normalized Burn Ratio [NBR]) serve as inputs into the Multi-Index Integrated Change Algorithm (MIICA) (Jin et al. 2013); MIICA outputs and differenced products (e.g., dNDVI and dNBR) are used to locate change. Predictive modeling based on the previous 10 years of disturbance data provides an additional dataset useful for locating disturbance. Image analysts use the aforementioned datasets separately or in combination to isolate true change from false change (e.g., change caused by stark differences in phenology rather than a true disturbance event). The accuracy of the final product is often related to the quality of the Landsat image composite. Areas with persistent cloud cover are particularly challenging (e.g., the northeast US). Fire caused disturbances sourced from MTBS may contain data gaps where clouds, smoke, water or Landsat Seven SLC-off stripes exist. Models trained from pre-fire and post-fire Landsat data are used to fill the gaps. The result is continuous severity and extent information for all MTBS fire disturbances. MTBS pixels derived from gap filling techniques, such as modeling, are noted as such in their corresponding attribute table. Smaller fires that do not meet the size criteria set forth by MTBS) may be attributed as a Burned Area Essential Climate Variable (BAECV), which are only produced for the lower 48 states. Causality and severity information assigned to a disturbance are prioritized by source, with the Highest priorities reserved for fire mapping programs (MTBS, BARC and RAVG) followed by user-contributed events contained in the LF Events Geodatabase, and lastly, Landsat image based change.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 29, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 29, 2023
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:0ac1a2bb-15e8-447c-9e20-315e28f6a02c
Data Last Modified 20230111
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 7d5c5d31-50f3-421c-a786-38f6bb61b1e5
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial 144.4724,13.1912,146.1283,20.6146
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash d24e814adc4b3183e33c2f6fec026c59b9a52b2ed3e7ad1e6ebfc3c84acb66bd
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": 144.4724, 13.1912, 144.4724, 20.6146, 146.1283, 20.6146, 146.1283, 13.1912, 144.4724, 13.1912}

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