Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Skip to content

VISSR/SMS-1 Infrared Imagery on 70mm Film V001 (VISSRSMS1IMIR) at GES DISC

Metadata Updated: December 7, 2023

VISSRSMS1IMIR is the Visible Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer (VISSR) Infrared Imagery on 70mm Film data product from the first Synchronous Meteorological Satellite (SMS-1). This set of IR imagery (10.5 to 12.5 micrometer) was originally produced on commercial image-generation equipment from digital tapes and was made available on 70-mm film, from which they were later scanned to digital TIFF image files. Each TIFF scan contains 2 or 3 pictures, and there are several hundred scans from an original 70 mm film roll which are combined into a ZIP file. Each picture contains a title on the top boundary and a 33-level gray scale on the right boundary that represents brightness temperatures. It may have a combination of the following options: 1) contrast enhancement, 2) image sectorization, and 3) 1/16-size imagery. The maximum effective size covers 500 sq km, represented by 4000 by 3904 pixels. Each element has a maximum resolution of 3.7 km. The title contains the satellite identification, picture number, picture type, coordinate numbers of the top left pixel relative to the visible sensor, start time of sectorized image, and pixel scaling and sector size identification.

The SMS-1 satellite was initially parked over the equator at longitude 45W on June 7, 1974 viewing the hemisphere below the satellite to support the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE). It was moved to its operational position at 75W on Nov 15, 1974 where it remained until GOES-1 was launched, after which SMS-1 was moved to 105W and placed in stand-by-mode as a backup to GOES-1 or SMS-2. The VISSR experiment was operated by the NOAA National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service (NESDIS), as well as scientists from NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

This product was previously available from the NSSDC with the identifier ESAD-00068 (old ID 74-033A-01C).

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date December 1, 2022
Metadata Updated Date December 7, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Graphic Preview

Typical SMS-1 VISSR visible 70mm film image.

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date December 1, 2022
Metadata Updated Date December 7, 2023
Identifier C2386924897-GES_DISC
Data First Published 2018-03-13
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2018-03-13
Category GOES, geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Citation NOAA NESDIS. 2022-08-22. VISSRSMS1IMIR. Version 001. VISSR/SMS-1 Infrared Imagery on 70mm Film V001. Greenbelt, MD, USA. Archived by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Government, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC). Digital Science Data.
Data Presentation Form Digital Science Data
Graphic Preview Description Typical SMS-1 VISSR visible 70mm film image.
Graphic Preview File
Harvest Object Id cad949fb-910f-4dfd-9901-b4fd56fc7d12
Harvest Source Id 58f92550-7a01-4f00-b1b2-8dc953bd598f
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Homepage URL
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial 165.0 -90.0 45.0 90.0
Program Code 026:001
Release Place Greenbelt, MD, USA
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 78d4596c135fade3a1f1ba63af28eaf17eb757e25cb7848cb5ad29c59c188af2
Source Schema Version 1.1
Temporal 1974-07-28T00:00:00Z/1979-04-19T23:59:59.999Z

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.