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U.S. Annual/Seasonal Climate Normals (1981-2010)

Metadata Updated: January 1, 2024

The U.S. Annual Climate Normals for 1981 to 2010 are 30-year averages of meteorological parameters that provide users with many tools to understand typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States, as well as U.S. territories, commonwealths, the Compact of Free Association nations, and one station in Canada. As many NWS stations as possible are used, including those from the NWS Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) Network as well as some additional stations that have a Weather Bureau Army-Navy (WBAN) station identification number, including stations from the Climate Reference Network (CRN). THe Annual Climate Normals dataset includes various derived products such as daily air temperature normals (including maximum and minimum temperature normal, heating and cooling degree day normal, and others), precipitation normals (including snowfall and snow depth, percentiles, frequencies and other), and hourly normals (all normal derived from hourly data including temperature, dew point, heat index, wind chill, wind, cloudiness, heating and cooling degree hours, pressure normals). All data utilized in the computation of the 1981-2010 Climate Normals were taken from the ISD Lite (a subset of derived Integrated Surface Data), the Global Historical Climatology Network-Daily dataset, and standardized monthly temperature data (COOP). These source datasets (including intermediate datasets used in the computation of products) are also archived at the NOAA NCDC.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Date December 13, 2023
Metadata Created Date February 3, 2023
Metadata Updated Date January 1, 2024
Reference Date(s) July 1, 2011 (publication), September 1, 2011 (revision), August 4, 2012 (revision), August 21, 2015 (revision)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from ncdc

Graphic Preview

NOAA 1981-2010 U.S. Climate Normals

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date December 13, 2023
Metadata Created Date February 3, 2023
Metadata Updated Date January 1, 2024
Reference Date(s) July 1, 2011 (publication), September 1, 2011 (revision), August 4, 2012 (revision), August 21, 2015 (revision)
Responsible Party NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.ncdc:C00821
Category Tag 16E15F51 D96E 4051 9124 75665Abdc6Ff ["Arctic Weather and Extreme Events","Arctic","Atmospheric, Earth and Ocean Sciences","Transportation","Physical Data","Water","Human Health","Ecosystem Vulnerability"]
Access Constraints Cite as: Anthony Arguez, Imke Durre, Scott Applequist, Mike Squires, Russell Vose, Xungang Yin, and Rocky Bilotta (2010). NOAA's U.S. Climate Normals (1981-2010). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. DOI:10.7289/V5PN93JP [access date]., Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives., Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Bbox East Long -65.0
Bbox North Lat 72.0
Bbox South Lat 15.0
Bbox West Long 172.0
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Graphic Preview Description NOAA 1981-2010 U.S. Climate Normals
Graphic Preview File https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/pub/data/metadata/images/1981-2010_ClimateNormals.jpg
Graphic Preview Type JPEG
Harvest Object Id 116bd3a8-9fe8-48e9-9d2a-3f344cc36b4b
Harvest Source Id 2cb3ef77-1683-4c2a-9119-dc65e50917c6
Harvest Source Title ncdc
Licence
Lineage NOAA's 1981-2010 Climate Normals are the newest iteration of the U.S. Climate Normals. Though previous versions of the normals are still available from the archive, the 1981-2010 Climate Normals should be used for all current applications. Computation of the NOAA Climate Normals is in accordance with the recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), of which the United States is a member. While the WMO mandates each member nation to compute 30-year averages of meteorological quantities at least every 30 years (1931 - 1960, 1961 - 1990, 1991 - 2020, etc.), the WMO recommends a decadal update, in part to incorporate newer weather stations. Further, the NOAA NCDC has a responsibility to fulfill the mandate of Congress "... to establish and record the climatic conditions of the United States." This responsibility stems from a provision of the Organic Act of October 1, 1890, which established the Weather Bureau as a civilian agency (15 U.S.C. 311).
Metadata Language eng; USA
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[172.0, 15.0], [-65.0, 15.0], [-65.0, 72.0], [172.0, 72.0], [172.0, 15.0]]]}
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 1981-01-01
Temporal Extent End 2010-12-31

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