The influence of simulated microgravity on the proteome of Daphnia magna

Metadata Updated: July 17, 2020

Background/Objectives: The waterflea Daphnia is an interesting candidate for bioregenerative life support systems (BLSS). These animals are particularly promising because of their central role in the limnic food web and its mode of reproduction. However the response of Daphnia to altered gravity conditions has to be investigated especially on the molecular level to evaluate the suitability of Daphnia for BLSS in space. Methods: In this study we applied a proteomic approach to identify key proteins and pathways involved in the response of Daphnia to simulated microgravity generated by a 2D-clinostat. We analysed 5 biological replicates using 2D-DIGE proteomic analysis. Results: We identified 109 protein spots differing in intensity (p < 0.05). Substantial fractions of these proteins are involved in actin microfilament organisation indicating the disruption of cytoskeletal structures during clinorotation. Furthermore proteins involved in protein folding were identified suggesting altered gravity induced breakdown of protein structures in general. In addition simulated microgravity increased the abundance of energy metabolism related proteins indicating an enhanced energy demand of Daphnia. Conclusion: The affected biological processes were also described in other studies using different organisms and systems either aiming to simulate microgravity conditions or providing real microgravity conditions. Moreover most of the Daphnia protein sequences are well conserved throughout taxa indicating that the response to altered gravity conditions in Daphnia follows a general concept.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Created Date August 1, 2018
Metadata Updated Date July 17, 2020
Data Update Frequency irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date August 1, 2018
Metadata Updated Date July 17, 2020
Publisher National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Unique Identifier nasa_genelab_GLDS-110
Maintainer
GeneLab Outreach
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Harvest Object Id 246d75c7-beb5-41c3-9d9b-b7c5e39578f2
Harvest Source Id 39e4ad2a-47ca-4507-8258-852babd0fd99
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Data First Published 2018-06-26
Homepage URL https://data.nasa.gov/d/veav-wqwk
Data Last Modified 2020-01-29
Program Code 026:005
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 695602972b218ee9d309d00481625a234b98f711
Source Schema Version 1.1
Category Earth Science

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.