Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) - Recycling Economic Information (REI) Report

Metadata Updated: December 7, 2016

The 2016 Recycling Economic Information (REI) Report aims to increase the understanding of the economic implications of material reuse and recycling. The report shows that recycling and reuse of materials creates jobs, while also generating local and state tax revenues. The 2016 REI Report covers the economic activities of nine sectors: ferrous metals, nonferrous metals (aluminum), glass, paper, plastics, rubber, construction and demolition, electronics and organics (including food and yard trimmings).

The 2016 REI Report builds on work from a 2001 REI study. In 2001, to encourage the development of an economic market for recycling, EPA supported the creation of a national Recycling Economic Information (REI) Project and the related REI report, based upon the work of several states and regions. The REI report was a ground breaking national study demonstrating the economic value of recycling and reuse to the U.S. economy. Compiled through a cooperative agreement with the National Recycling Coalition, the study confirmed what many have known for decades: there are significant economic benefits in recycling. The 2016 report focuses on the economic impacts of recycling rather than the environmental benefits, as the environmental benefits have been researched in detail. Accurately estimating the impact that recycling has on jobs, wages and taxes is important because the results can influence policy decisions and provide a more robust picture of recycling by adding an economic layer on top of the more heavily researched environmental impacts of recycling. For more information, please visit

The REI Report is part of EPA's larger SMM program ( Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) is a systemic approach to using and reusing materials more productively over their entire lifecycles. It represents a change in how our society thinks about the use of natural resources and environmental protection. By looking at a product's entire lifecycle we can find new opportunities to reduce environmental impacts, conserve resources and reduce costs. There are multiple challenge programs available as part of the SMM program, including the Food Recovery Challenge, the Electronics Challenge, the Federal Green Challenge and the WasteWise program.

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Metadata Date December 6, 2016
Metadata Created Date December 7, 2016
Metadata Updated Date December 7, 2016
Reference Date(s) 2016-11 (publication), 2016-11 (revision)
Frequency Of Update irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from Environmental Dataset Gateway ISO Geospatial Metadata

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date December 6, 2016
Metadata Created Date December 7, 2016
Metadata Updated Date December 7, 2016
Reference Date(s) 2016-11 (publication), 2016-11 (revision)
Responsible Party U.S. EPA Office of Land and Emergency Management (OLEM) - Office of Resource Conservation and Recovery (ORCR) (Owner)
Contact Email
Access Constraints
Bbox East Long -66
Bbox North Lat 72
Bbox South Lat 18
Bbox West Long -180
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update irregular
Harvest Object Id 8b04ff8e-18ad-456c-97c5-be354607d654
Harvest Source Id b8a6460e-2ff4-4060-9f31-a0229d105a3c
Harvest Source Title Environmental Dataset Gateway ISO Geospatial Metadata
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True

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