Streptococcus mutans differential gene expression in response to simulated microgravity

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

Astronauts have been previously shown to exhibit decreased salivary lysozyme and increased dental calculus and gingival inflammation in response to space flight host factors that could contribute to oral diseases such as caries and periodontitis. However the specific physiological response of caries-causing bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans to space flight and/or ground-based simulated microgravity has not been extensively investigated. In this study High Aspect Ratio Vessel (HARV) S. mutans simulated microgravity and normal gravity cultures were assessed for changes in metabolite and transcriptome profiles H2O2 resistance and competence in sucrose-containing biofilm media. Stationary phase S. mutans simulated microgravity cultures displayed increased killing by H2O2 compared to normal gravity control cultures but competence was not affected. RNA-seq analysis revealed that expression of 153 genes was up-regulated >= 2-fold and 94 genes down-regulated >= 2-fold during simulated microgravity HARV growth. These included a number of genes located on extrachromosomal elements as well as genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism translation and stress responses. Collectively these results suggest that growth under microgravity analog conditions promotes changes in S. mutans gene expression and physiology that may translate to an altered cariogenic potential of this organism during space flight missions. Overall design: Differential gene expression was compared between RNA from S. mutans grown in normal gravity HARVs (n=3 independent cultures) and RNA from S. mutans grown in simulated microgravity HARVs (n=3 independent cultures)

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Data Update Frequency irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Publisher National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Unique Identifier Unknown
Identifier nasa_genelab_GLDS-106
Data First Published 2018-06-26
Data Last Modified 2020-01-29
Category Earth Science
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Homepage URL
Program Code 026:005
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 0dbec6f43e7b70be40912c75b8dc7feadc7e66f0
Source Schema Version 1.1

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