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Simulating Degradation Data for Prognostic Algorithm Development

Metadata Updated: December 6, 2023

PHM08 Challenge Dataset is now publicly available at the NASA Prognostics Respository + Download

INTRODUCTION - WHY SIMULATE DEGRADATION DATA?

Of various challenges encountered in prognostics algorithm development, the non-availability of suitable validation data is most often the bottleneck in the technology certification process. Prognostics imposes several requirements on the training data in addition to what is commonly available from various applications. It not only requires data containing fault signatures but also that contains fault evolution trends with corresponding time indexes (in number of hours or number of operational cycles).

In general there are three sources from which data is usually available, namely: Fielded applications, experimental test-beds, and computer simulations (see Figure 1). From prognostics point of view, data collection paradoxically suffers from the situation that the systems that do run to failure often did not have warning instrumentation installed, hence no or little record of what went wrong. In the other situation, those that are continuously monitored are prevented from running to failure or are subject to maintenance that eliminates the signatures of fault evolution. Conducting experiments that replicate real world situations is extremely expensive in terms of time required for a healthy system to run to failure and is often dangerous. Accelerated ageing may be useful to some extent but may not emulate normal wear patterns. Furthermore, to manage uncertainty multiple datasets must be collected to quantify variations resulting from multiple sources, which makes it all the way more unattainable. Simulations can be fast, inexpensive, and provide a number of options to design experiments, but their usefulness is contingent on the availability of high fidelity models that represent the real systems fairly well. However, once such a model is available, simulations offer the flexibility to rerun various experiments with added knowledge from the system as it becomes available. Where, availability of real fault evolution data from the fielded systems would be more desirable, generating data using a high fidelity model and integrating it with the knowledge gathered from the partial data obtained from the real systems is by far the most practical approach for prognostics algorithm development, validation, and verification.

In this presentation we discuss some key elements that must be kept in mind while generating datasets suitable for prognostics. Furthermore, with the help of an example it has been shown how a dynamical system model can be supported with suitable degradation models available from respective domain knowledge to create suitable data. The example is discussed next.

APPLICATION DOMAIN

Tracking and Predicting the progressionof damage in aircraft turbo machinery has been an active area of study within the Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) community. A general approach has been to correlate flow and effciency losses to degradation signtures in various components of the engine. Once such mapping is available, the next task is to estimate this loss of flow and eficiency inferring information from measurable sensor outputs, which ultimtely is used to assess the level of degradation in the system.

SYSTEM MODEL: C-MAPSS

The C-MAPSS (Commercial Modular Aero Propulsion System Simulation) is a tool, recently released, for simulating a realistic large commercial turbofan engine. C-MAPSS (Commercial Modular Aero-Propulsion System Simulation) that simulates a realistic large (~90,000lb) commercial turbofan engine. It allows the user to choose and design operational profiles, controllers, environmental conditions, thrust levels, etc. to simualte a scenario of interest. An extensive list of output va

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023
Data Update Frequency irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023
Publisher Dashlink
Maintainer
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Data First Published 2010-09-10
Data Last Modified 2022-07-14
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 026:00
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Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Homepage URL https://c3.nasa.gov/dashlink/resources/14/
Program Code 026:029
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 423078e34ed7b91dc2da3ab47996bb503d8ddc7639a5f0ef29c80f99730c723d
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