Salmon vulnerability maps - Effect of Climate Change on Salmon Population Vulnerability

Metadata Updated: March 26, 2021

  1. Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and other Pacific salmon are threatened by unsustainable levels of harvest, genetic introgression from hatchery stocks and degradation or loss of freshwater habitat. Projected climate change is expected to further stress salmon through increases in stream temperatures and altered stream flows.
  2. We demonstrate a spatially explicit method for assessing salmon vulnerability to projected climatic changes (scenario for the years 20302059), applied here to steelhead salmon across the entire Pacific Northwest (PNW). We considered steelhead exposure to increased temperatures and more extreme high and low flows during four of their primary freshwater life stages: adult migration, spawning, incubation and rearing. Steelhead sensitivity to climate change was estimated on the basis of their regulatory status and the condition of their habitat. We assessed combinations of exposure and sensitivity to suggest actions that may be most effective for reducing steelhead vulnerability to climate change.
  3. Our relative ranking of locations suggested that steelhead exposure to increases in temperature will be most widespread in the southern Pacific Northwest, whereas exposure to substantial flow changes will be most widespread in the interior and northern Pacific Northwest. There were few locations where we projected that steelhead had both relatively low exposure and sensitivity to climate change.
  4. Synthesis and applications. There are few areas where habitat protection alone is likely to be sufficient to conserve steelhead under the scenario of climate change considered here. Instead, our results suggest the need for coordinated, landscape-scale actions that both increase salmon resilience and ameliorate climate change impacts, such as restoring connectivity of floodplains and high-elevation habitats.

Salmon gridded data for PNW.

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License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Date March 18, 2021
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date March 26, 2021
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Harvested from NMFS NWFSC

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Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date March 18, 2021
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date March 26, 2021
Reference Date(s) (publication)
Responsible Party (Point of Contact, Custodian)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:18013
Access Constraints Cite As: Northwest Fisheries Science Center, [Date of Access]: Salmon vulnerability maps - Effect of Climate Change on Salmon Population Vulnerability [Data Date Range], https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/18013., Access Constraints: NA |
Bbox East Long -122.2962
Bbox North Lat 47.6549
Bbox South Lat 47.6449
Bbox West Long -122.3062
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update
Licence NOAA provides no warranty, nor accepts any liability occurring from any incomplete, incorrect, or misleading data, or from any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading use of the data. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether or not the data is suitable for the intended purpose.
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-122.3062, 47.6449], [-122.2962, 47.6449], [-122.2962, 47.6549], [-122.3062, 47.6549], [-122.3062, 47.6449]]]}
Progress underDevelopment
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2010-01-01
Temporal Extent End 2013-09-30

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