Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Skip to content

Producer Price Index

Metadata Updated: May 16, 2022

The Producer Price Index (PPI) is a family of indexes that measures the average change over time in selling prices received by domestic producers of goods and services. PPIs measure price change from the perspective of the seller. This contrasts with other measures, such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI), that measure price change from the purchaser's perspective. Sellers' and purchasers' prices may differ due to government subsidies, sales and excise taxes, and distribution costs.

There are three main PPI classification structures which draw from the same pool of price information provided to the BLS by cooperating company reporters:

    Industry classification. A Producer Price Index for an industry is a measure of changes in prices received for the industry's output sold outside the industry (that is, its net output). The PPI publishes approximately 535 industry price indexes in combination with over 4,000 specific product line and product category sub-indexes, as well as, roughly 500 indexes for groupings of industries. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) index codes provide comparability with a wide assortment of industry-based data for other economic programs, including productivity, production, employment, wages, and earnings.
    Commodity classification. The commodity classification structure of the PPI organizes products and services by similarity or material composition, regardless of the industry classification of the producing establishment. This system is unique to the PPI and does not match any other standard coding structure. In all, PPI publishes more than 3,700 commodity price indexes for goods and about 800 for services (seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted), organized by product, service, and end use.
    Commodity-based Final Demand-Intermediate Demand (FD-ID) System. Commodity-based FD-ID price indexes regroup commodity indexes for goods, services, and construction at the subproduct class (six-digit) level, according to the type of buyer and the amount of physical processing or assembling the products have undergone. The PPI publishes over 600 FD-ID indexes (seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted) measuring price change for goods, services, and construction sold to final demand and to intermediate demand. The FD-ID system replaced the PPI stage-of-processing (SOP) system as PPI's primary aggregation model with the release of data for January 2014. The FD-ID system expands coverage in its aggregate measures beyond that of the SOP system by incorporating indexes for services, construction, exports, and government purchases.

For more information, visit: https://www.bls.gov/ppi

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: Creative Commons CCZero

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Created Date May 16, 2022
Metadata Updated Date May 16, 2022

Metadata Source

Harvested from BLS Data

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 16, 2022
Metadata Updated Date May 16, 2022
Publisher Bureau of Labor Statistics
Maintainer
Identifier DOL-BLS-3535-03
Data First Published 2019-12-12
Data Last Modified 2019
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 012:20
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Harvest Object Id 76858dbf-f34a-4159-8e8e-a1dc87220021
Harvest Source Id 2762624f-7498-4ed8-a1cf-1c010ca6b6ea
Harvest Source Title BLS Data
Homepage URL https://www.bls.gov/ppi
License https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Program Code 012:032
Publisher Hierarchy U.S. Department of Labor > Bureau of Labor Statistics
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 4125f51249ff21346943251f7290f04a97ef3d34
Source Schema Version 1.1

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.

data.gov

An official website of the GSA's Technology Transformation Services

Looking for U.S. government information and services?
Visit USA.gov