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Migration Stopovers of Mule Deer in the San Francisco Peaks Herd in Arizona

Metadata Updated: October 28, 2023

The San Francisco Peaks mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) herd makes one of Arizona’s most extraordinary annual migrations between Flagstaff, AZ and the Grand Canyon. The migration begins on summer range in GMU 7, where an estimated 5,300 mule deer reside. Their summer habitat contains alpine, subalpine, and ponderosa pine forests mixed with open grasslands and meadows. Beginning in October, a portion of the herd migrates north to GMU 9 to winter range along the South Rim containing pinyon-juniper, ponderosa pines, sagebrush, and cliffrose habitat. Through funding from Secretarial Order 3362, the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD) began a GPS collar study beginning in June of 2019. A total of 46 mule deer have been tracked through those efforts, greatly increasing our understanding of deer movements among this herd. The research study will be completed in 2023. In contrast to the Volume I report (Kauffman et al. 2020), the San Francisco Peaks mule deer herd in this Volume contains an additional 20 mule deer, 52 migrations, and 12 winter sequences. The primary challenges to mule deer in this migration corridor are related to navigating highways. These deer must traverse two major roads, U.S. Highway 180 and State Route 64, which experience high traffic volumes and are a source of mortality for this migrating mule deer herd. These data provide the location of migration stopovers for Mule Deer from the San Francisco Peaks Herd in Arizona. They were developed from Brownian bridge movement models using 58 migration sequences collected from a sample size of 24 adult mule deer comprising GPS locations collected every 2-3 hours.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:620e4adcd34e6c7e83baa37a
Data Last Modified 20220407
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id b819204a-6f3b-4698-b04d-a15114ee8c25
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -112.4405,35.1362,-111.5029,36.1836
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash d34569f772cdd2c4b55da5af1f8278b32de2e675a4b29aaeb9be4ef31473fe89
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -112.4405, 35.1362, -112.4405, 36.1836, -111.5029, 36.1836, -111.5029, 35.1362, -112.4405, 35.1362}

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