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MD iMAP: Maryland Waterbodies - Rivers and Streams (Generalized)

Metadata Updated: July 23, 2021

This is a MD iMAP hosted service layer. Find more information at The digital segmented network based on watershed boundaries - ERF1-2 - includes enhancements to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's River Reach File 1 (RF1) (USEPA - 1996; DeWald and others - 1985) to support national and regional-scale surface water-quality modeling. Alexander and others (1999) developed ERF1 - which assessed the hydrologic integrity of the digital reach traces and calculated the mean water time-of-travel in river reaches and reservoirs. ERF1-2 serves as the foundation for SPARROW (Spatially Referenced Regressions (of nutrient transport) On Watershed) modeling. Within the context of a Geographic Information System - SPARROW estimates the proportion of watersheds in the conterminous U.S. with outflow concentrations of several nutrients - including total nitrogen and total phosphorus - (Smith - R.A. - Schwarz - G.E. - and Alexander - R.B. - 1997). This version of the network expands on ERF1 (version 1.2; Alexander et al. 1999) - and includes the incremental and total drainage area derived from 1-kilometer (km) elevation data for North America. Previous estimates of the water time-of-travel were recomputed for reaches with water- quality monitoring sites that included two reaches. The mean flow and velocity estimates for these split reaches are based on previous estimation methods (Alexander et al. - 1999) and are unchanged in ERF1-2. Drainage area calculations provide data used to estimate the contribution of a given nutrient to the outflow. Data estimates depend on the accuracy of node connectivity. Reaches split at water- quality or pesticide-monitoring sites indicate the source point for estimating the contribution and transport of nutrients and their loads throughout the watersheds. The ERF1-2 coverage extends the earlier ERF1 coverage by providing digital-elevation-model (DEM-based estimates of reach drainage area founded on the 1-kilometer data for North America (Verdin - 1996; Verdin and Jenson - 1996). A 1-kilometer raster grid of ERF1-2 projected to Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area - NAD 27 Datum (Snyder - 1987) - was merged with the HYDRO1K flow direction data set (Verdin and Jenson - 1996) to generate a DEM-based watershed grid - ERF1_2WS. The watershed boundaries are maintained in a raster (grid cell) format as well as a vector (polygon) format for subsequent model analysis. Both the coverage - ERF1-2 - and the grid - ERF1-2WS are available at: The version of RF1 used to compile ERF1-2 was an early edition of a USGS RF1 translation and was updated by USEPA (USEPA - 1996). The capabilities of the enhanced version of RF1 (ERF1-2) and the current USEPA version have not been evaluated. The user is referred to the USEPA version [] for discussions of streamflow accuracy and general background on the origin of RF1. Last Updated: Feature Service Layer Link: ADDITIONAL LICENSE TERMS: The Spatial Data and the information therein (collectively "the Data") is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind either expressed implied or statutory. The user assumes the entire risk as to quality and performance of the Data. No guarantee of accuracy is granted nor is any responsibility for reliance thereon assumed. In no event shall the State of Maryland be liable for direct indirect incidental consequential or special damages of any kind. The State of Maryland does not accept liability for any damages or misrepresentation caused by inaccuracies in the Data or as a result to changes to the Data nor is there responsibility assumed to maintain the Data in any manner or form. The Data can be freely distributed as long as the metadata entry is not modified or deleted. Any data derived from the Data must acknowledge the State of Maryland in th

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. Non-Federal: This dataset is covered by different Terms of Use than License: No license information was provided.

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Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date July 23, 2021

Metadata Source

Harvested from md json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 10, 2020
Metadata Updated Date July 23, 2021
Data First Published 2016-07-27
Data Last Modified 2020-01-25
Category Hydrology
Public Access Level public
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 050a20ae-07e3-48ae-b825-6cadea4dad2a
Harvest Source Id ee165ef5-7b35-41a7-b3a5-5479c71b0e58
Harvest Source Title md json
Homepage URL
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 363a0492a1b160b687466bd66b9933ea534289ec
Source Schema Version 1.1

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