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LaKind et al. PFAS and Breast Milk

Metadata Updated: May 17, 2022

This file contains data used in: Judy S. LaKind, Marc-Andre Verner, Rachel Rogers, Helen Goeden, Daniel Q. Naiman, Satori A. Marchitti, Geniece M. Lehmann, Erin P. Hines, Suzanne E. Fenton. (2021) Current breast milk PFAS levels in the US and Canada: After all this time why don’t we know more?

To estimate nationally representative breast milk concentrations for the US and Canada, we used serum PFOS, PFOA, PFHxS, and PFNA data from the NHANES and the Canadian Health Measures Survey, respectively. To estimate milk concentrations in communities with a known history of PFAS drinking water contamination, geometric mean serum concentrations measured as part of the ATSDR PFAS Exposure Assessments ( were used. We also used publicly available data from the New York State Department of Health for information on the Hoosick Falls and Petersburgh areas. In Table 1. Serum PFAS, serum or plasma PFAS concentrations (ng/mL) and the number of participants in each cohort (N) are shown.

Measured serum/plasma concentrations in national surveys and communities impacted by PFAS were multiplied by milk:serum ratios to estimate breast milk PFAS levels. Figure 1. Breast Milk PFAS shows the results for each dataset.

This dataset is associated with the following publication: LaKind, J., M. Verner, R. Rogers, H. Goeden, D. Naiman, S. Marchitti, G. Lehmann, E. Hines, and S. Fenton. Current Breast Milk PFAS Levels in the United States and Canada: After All This Time, Why Don’t We Know More?. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Research Triangle Park, NC, USA, 130(2): 1-8, (2022).

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: See this page for license information.

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Metadata Created Date May 17, 2022
Metadata Updated Date May 17, 2022

Metadata Source

Harvested from EPA ScienceHub

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 17, 2022
Metadata Updated Date May 17, 2022
Publisher U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD)
Data Last Modified 2021-05-21
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 020:00
Schema Version
Harvest Object Id 2a51d1ab-2095-4f9c-9b01-1340dcec7a42
Harvest Source Id 04b59eaf-ae53-4066-93db-80f2ed0df446
Harvest Source Title EPA ScienceHub
Program Code 020:000
Publisher Hierarchy U.S. Government > U.S. Environmental Protection Agency > U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD)
Related Documents
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash c1da5f3bd98064289ad3181dee12205a0f71111d
Source Schema Version 1.1

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