Hydrologic landscape regions of the United States

Metadata Updated: June 8, 2018

Hydrologic landscape regions (HLRs) in the United States were delineated by using geographic information system (GIS) tools and statistical methods including principal components and cluster analyses. The GIS and statistical analyses were applied to land-surface form, geologic texture (permeability of the soil and bedrock), and climate variables that describe the physical and climatic setting of 43,931 small (roughly 200 square kilometers) watersheds in the United States. The analyses then grouped the watersheds into 20 noncontiguous regions (the HLRs) on the basis of similarities in land-surface form, geologic texture, and climate characteristics. This hydrologic landscape regions dataset contains for each of the 43,931 watersheds the (1) watershed identification number, (2) land-surface form, geologic texture, and climate characteristics for each watershed, and (3) hydrologic landscape region number for each watershed.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Date July 18, 2005
Metadata Created Date December 2, 2017
Metadata Updated Date June 8, 2018
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2003 (publication)
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Frequency Of Update notPlanned

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI CKAN Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date July 18, 2005
Metadata Created Date December 2, 2017
Metadata Updated Date June 8, 2018
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2003 (publication)
Responsible Party USGS (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Use Constraints: The HLRs derived in this study are specific to several choices made in the analysis: (1) the particular set of variables used, (2) details in the statistical analyses, and (3) details in the GIS analyses. Using a different set of watershed characteristics would have affected the derived HLR map. In addition, averaging the variables over smaller areas would have produced a map with finer spatial detail. Changing any of these factors likely would lead to other regional maps that could be equally valid and useful. The methods used to define HLRs are expected to be sensitive to the spatial scale of the analysis. In the study described herein, the spatial extent of the analysis covered all 50 States; this was the appropriate spatial scale for the purpose of identifying HLRs to help design a national water-quality assessment. Satisfying a different objective may require a different spatial scale of analysis and might result in a different set of regions. The concept of hydrologic landscapes proposed by Winter (2001) represents the natural landscape and climate factors expected to affect hydrologic processes. There are important water-resources management activities, such as reservoir and canal construction, irrigation, and subsurface drainage, that have a significant effect on hydrologic processes. These water-resources management activities were not included as factors in defining the HLRs. Cited references: Winter, T.C., 2001, The concept of hydrologic landscapes: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 37, p. 335-349., Access Constraints: NONE
Bbox East Long -60
Bbox North Lat 75
Bbox South Lat 25
Bbox West Long -180
Coupled Resource
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Changing any of these factors likely would lead to other regional maps that could be equally valid and useful. The methods used to define HLRs are expected to be sensitive to the spatial scale of the analysis. In the study described herein, the spatial extent of the analysis covered all 50 States; this was the appropriate spatial scale for the purpose of identifying HLRs to help design a national water-quality assessment. Satisfying a different objective may require a different spatial scale of analysis and might result in a different set of regions. The concept of hydrologic landscapes proposed by Winter (2001) represents the natural landscape and climate factors expected to affect hydrologic processes. There are important water-resources management activities, such as reservoir and canal construction, irrigation, and subsurface drainage, that have a significant effect on hydrologic processes. 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The act of distribution shall not \\nconstitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by \\nthe U.S. Geological Survey in the use of this data, software, or \\nrelated materials.\\n\\t\\t\\nAny use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive\\npurposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S.\\nGovernment.\"]", "metadata_type": "geospatial", "responsible-party": "[{\"name\": \"USGS\", \"roles\": [\"pointOfContact\"]}]", "extras_rollup": "{\"bbox-east-long\": \"-60\", \"harvest_source_id\": \"1f3ebea5-58d2-4aaa-85a0-e7ebda3074e7\", \"resource-type\": \"dataset\", \"bbox-north-lat\": \"75\", \"coupled-resource\": \"[]\", \"guid\": \"\", \"spatial_harvester\": \"true\", \"bbox-south-lat\": \"25\", \"__category_tag_aa0c01c9-d292-4dc1-8fec-b10c1bb629a9\": \"[\\\"Water\\\",\\\"Water Resources\\\",\\\"Ecosystem Vulnerability\\\"]\", \"spatial-reference-system\": \"\", \"spatial\": \"{\\\"type\\\": \\\"Polygon\\\", \\\"coordinates\\\": [[[-180.0, 25.0], [-60.0, 25.0], [-60.0, 75.0], [-180.0, 75.0], [-180.0, 25.0]]]}\", \"progress\": \"completed\", \"access_constraints\": \"[\\\"Use Constraints: The HLRs derived in this study are specific to several choices made in the analysis: (1) the particular set of variables used, (2) details in the statistical analyses, and (3) details in the GIS analyses. Using a different set of watershed characteristics would have affected the derived HLR map. In addition, averaging the variables over smaller areas would have produced a map with finer spatial detail. Changing any of these factors likely would lead to other regional maps that could be equally valid and useful. The methods used to define HLRs are expected to be sensitive to the spatial scale of the analysis. In the study described herein, the spatial extent of the analysis covered all 50 States; this was the appropriate spatial scale for the purpose of identifying HLRs to help design a national water-quality assessment. Satisfying a different objective may require a different spatial scale of analysis and might result in a different set of regions. The concept of hydrologic landscapes proposed by Winter (2001) represents the natural landscape and climate factors expected to affect hydrologic processes. There are important water-resources management activities, such as reservoir and canal construction, irrigation, and subsurface drainage, that have a significant effect on hydrologic processes. These water-resources management activities were not included as factors in defining the HLRs. Cited references: Winter, T.C., 2001, The concept of hydrologic landscapes: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 37, p. 335-349.\\\", \\\"Access Constraints: NONE\\\"]\", \"contact-email\": \"dwolock@usgs.gov\", \"bbox-west-long\": \"-180\", \"metadata-date\": \"2005-07-18\", \"dataset-reference-date\": \"[{\\\"type\\\": \\\"publication\\\", \\\"value\\\": \\\"2003-01-01\\\"}]\", \"__category_tag_3b2f2e70-3e81-4aa7-8305-a534cd6af6c8\": \"[\\\"Atmospheric, Earth and Ocean Sciences\\\",\\\"Hydrology\\\"]\", \"harvest_source_title\": \"DOI CKAN Harvest Source\", \"frequency-of-update\": \"notPlanned\", \"licence\": \"[\\\"Although this data set has been used by the U.S. Geological\\\\nSurvey, U.S. Department of the Interior, no warranty expressed or\\\\nimplied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey as to the accuracy\\\\nof the data and related materials. The act of distribution shall not \\\\nconstitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by \\\\nthe U.S. Geological Survey in the use of this data, software, or \\\\nrelated materials.\\\\n\\\\t\\\\t\\\\nAny use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive\\\\npurposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S.\\\\nGovernment.\\\"]\", \"metadata_type\": \"geospatial\", \"harvest_object_id\": \"757d4b2b-8bde-4731-84a9-49dd94f4ca3e\", \"responsible-party\": \"[{\\\"name\\\": \\\"USGS\\\", \\\"roles\\\": [\\\"pointOfContact\\\"]}]\", \"spatial-data-service-type\": \"\", \"metadata-language\": \"\"}", "metadata-language": ""}
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Guid
Harvest Object Id c262e475-9468-4fa2-aa59-355558782814
Harvest Source Id 34ce571b-cb98-4e0b-979f-30f9ecc452c5
Harvest Source Title DOI CKAN Harvest Source
Licence Although this data set has been used by the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey as to the accuracy of the data and related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of this data, software, or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester true

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