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Greater sage-grouse nest observations before and after wildfire disturbance in northeastern California (2007-2018)

Metadata Updated: October 29, 2023

We monitored Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; hereafter, Sage-Grouse) nests and various habitat characteristics at the nest locations near Susanville in northeastern California, crossing over into northwestern Nevada. We employed a before-after-control-impact (BACI) experimental design to account for spatiotemporal heterogeneity in the system and to derive estimates of relative change in survival parameters. Sage-Grouse nest survival decreased after the Rush Fire but decreased more in the burned area relative to the unburned area. Although female Sage-Grouse continued to occupy burned areas, nest survival was reduced from 52 percent to 19 percent. Using a BACI ratio approach we found that nest survival decreased approximately 51 percent in the burned area, relative to the unburned area, following wildfire. Habitat analyses were restricted to the post-fire period and found that female Sage-Grouse that nested within unburned areas selected for wider nesting substrate, taller perennial grass height, and greater low sagebrush canopy cover. Conversely, female Sage-Grouse that nested in burned areas used shorter sagebrush canopy cover than what was available across the entire study area, but showed stronger selection for perennial grass height than their unburned counterparts. Strong nest-site fidelity in sage-grouse may explain the continued use of suboptimal habitat in wildfire-altered landscapes, resulting in a reproductive cost, and overall reproduction well below replacement rate. Results suggest that fire suppression or rapid post-fire habitat restoration, especially within nesting habitat, may be essential to conserving robust Sage-Grouse populations into the future.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 29, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 29, 2023
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:62d838a2d34e83b67d134f8f
Data Last Modified 20220822
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id dfba0741-2b90-4fac-a6a9-4a97c488b045
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -120.7123,40.2732,-119.924,41.0255
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 89f1998e5c5744b35082bc0c195d7ef42b93f96d0b667e7c71a05b4594c515a9
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -120.7123, 40.2732, -120.7123, 41.0255, -119.924, 41.0255, -119.924, 40.2732, -120.7123, 40.2732}

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