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Goddard Satellite-Based Surface Turbulent Fluxes, 1x1 deg Monthly Climatology, Set1 and NCEP V2c (GSSTFMC) at GES DISC

Metadata Updated: December 6, 2023

These data are the Goddard Satellite-based Surface Turbulent Fluxes Version-2c Dataset recently produced through a MEaSURES funded project led by Dr. Chung-Lin Shie (UMBC/GEST, NASA/GSFC), converted to HDF-EOS5 format. The stewardship of this HDF-EOS5 dataset is part of the MEaSUREs project.

GSSTF version 2b (Shie et al. 2010, Shie et al. 2009) generally agreed better with available ship measurements obtained from several field experiments in 1999 than GSSTF2 (Chou et al. 2003) did in all three flux components, i.e., latent heat flux [LHF], sensible heat flux [SHF], and wind stress [WST] (Shie 2010a,b). GSSTF2b was also found favorable, particularly for LHF and SHF, in an intercomparison study that accessed eleven products of ocean surface turbulent fluxes, in which GSSTF2 and GSSTF2b were also included (Brunke et al. 2011). However, a temporal trend appeared in the globally averaged LHF of GSSTF2b, particularly post year 2000. Shie (2010a,b) attributed the LHF trend to the trends originally found in the globally averaged SSM/I Tb's, i.e., Tb(19v), Tb(19h), Tb(22v) and Tb(37v), which were used to retrieve the GSSTF2b bottom-layer (the lowest atmospheric 500 meter layer) precipitable water [WB], then the surface specific humidity [Qa], and subsequently LHF. The SSM/I Tb's trends were recently found mainly due to the variations/trends of Earth incidence angle (EIA) in the SSM/I satellites (Hilburn and Shie 2011a,b). They have further developed an algorithm properly resolving the EIA problem and successfully reproducing the corrected Tb's by genuinely removing the "artifactitious" trends. An upgraded production of GSSTF2c (Shie et al. 2011) using the corrected Tb's has been completed very recently.

GSSTF2c shows a significant improvement in the resultant WB, and subsequently the retrieved LHF - the temporal trends of WB and LHF are greatly reduced after the proper adjustments/treatments in the SSM/I Tb's (Shie and Hilburn 2011). In closing, we believe that the insightful "Rice Cooker Theory" by Shie (2010a,b), i.e., "To produce a good and trustworthy 'output product' (delicious 'cooked rice') depends not only on a well-functioned 'model/algorithm' ('rice cooker'), but also on a genuine and reliable 'input data' ('raw rice') with good quality" should help us better comprehend the impact of the improved Tb on the subsequently retrieved LHF of GSSTF2c.

This is the Monthly Climatology product; data are projected to equidistant Grid that covers the globe at 1x1 degree cell size, resulting in data arrays of 360x180 size. Starting with Version 2c, there is only one set of Combined data, "Set1". The Monthly Climatology HDF-EOS5 file also contains one extra grid of NCEP Climatology, "NCEP". A finer resolution, 0.25 deg, of this product has been released as Version 3.

The monthly temporal and one-degree spatial resolution of the product can be used to examining climate variability at these scales. Oceanic evaporation contributes to the net fresh water input to the oceans and drives the upper ocean density structure and consequently the circulation of the oceans.

The short name for this product is GSSTFMC.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Graphic Preview

Goddard Satellite-based Surface Turbulent Fluxes (GSSTF)  Precipitable Water Monthly Climatology 1 x 1 degree January (1988-2008) [g/cm2]

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023
Publisher NASA/GSFC/SED/ESD/GCDC/GESDISC
Maintainer
Identifier C1237113432-GES_DISC
Data First Published 2011-11-18
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2011-11-18
Category MEaSUREs, geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Citation Shie, C.-L., K. Hilburn, L. S. Chiu, R. Adler, I-I Lin, E. Nelkin, and J. Ardizzone. Andrey Savtchenko. 2011-11-18. GSSTFMC. Version 2c. Goddard Satellite-Based Surface Turbulent Fluxes, 1x1 deg Monthly Climatology, Set1 and NCEP V2c. Greenbelt, MD, USA. GSSTFMC_2c. Archived by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Government, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC). https://doi.org/10.5067/MEASURES/GSSTF/DATA316. https://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/datacollection/GSSTFMC_2c.html. Digital Science Data.
Creator Shie, C.-L., K. Hilburn, L. S. Chiu, R. Adler, I-I Lin, E. Nelkin, and J. Ardizzone
Data Presentation Form Digital Science Data
Editor Andrey Savtchenko
Graphic Preview Description Goddard Satellite-based Surface Turbulent Fluxes (GSSTF) Precipitable Water Monthly Climatology 1 x 1 degree January (1988-2008) g/cm2
Graphic Preview File https://docserver.gesdisc.eosdis.nasa.gov/public/project/Images/GSSTFMC_2c.png
Harvest Object Id d7a49f10-9fc4-4671-b8c7-8bacbdaa944e
Harvest Source Id 58f92550-7a01-4f00-b1b2-8dc953bd598f
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Issue Identification GSSTFMC_2c
Homepage URL https://doi.org/10.5067/MEASURES/GSSTF/DATA316
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -180.0 -90.0 180.0 90.0
Program Code 026:001
Release Place Greenbelt, MD, USA
Series Name GSSTFMC
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 1d3e1eb97e67ce55fff79cbecf6bd21b6f41282eb4585a96e09097057fc9de01
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial
Temporal 1988-01-01T00:00:00Z/2008-12-31T23:59:59.999Z

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