Gene expression profiling in human fibroblast after low-LET irradiation

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

Exposure to radiation provokes cellular responses controlled in part by gene expression networks. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs which mostly regulate gene expression by degrading the messages or inhibiting translation. Here we investigated changes in miRNA expression patterns after low (0.1 Gy) and high (2.0 Gy) doses of X-ray in human fibroblasts. At early (0.5 h) and late (6 and 24 h) time points irradiation caused qualitative and quantitative differences in the down-regulation of miRNA levels including miR-92b 137 660 and 656. A transient up-regulation of miRNAs was observed after 2 h post-irradiation following high doses of radiation including miR-558 and 662. MicroRNA levels were inversely correlated with targets from mRNA and proteomic profiling after 2.0 Gy of radiation. MicroRNAs miR-579 608 548-3p and 585 are noted for targeting genes involved in radioresponsive mechanisms such as cell cycle checkpoint and apoptosis. We suggest here a model in which miRNAs may act as hub regulators of specific cellular responses immediately down-regulated so as to stimulate DNA repair mechanisms followed by up-regulation involved in suppressing apoptosis for cell survival. Taken together miRNAs may mediate signaling pathways in sequential fashion in response to radiation and may serve as biodosimetric markers of radiation exposure. Overall design: The gene expression patterns in human fibroblasts after 2.0 Gy of low-LET radiation was determined at 2 and 24 hrs post-irradiation time in technical triplicates. Control non-irradiated samples were also prepared in triplicates.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Data Update Frequency irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Publisher National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Unique Identifier Unknown
Identifier nasa_genelab_GLDS-115
Data First Published 2018-06-26
Data Last Modified 2020-01-29
Category Earth Science
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Homepage URL
Program Code 026:005
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 28e3f588366912e747fb37cc88a487a0fdafa91f
Source Schema Version 1.1

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