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EPA 40km Hexagons for Conterminous United States

Metadata Updated: October 28, 2023

This dataset of 40 square kilometer (sq. km) hexagons was created by the U.S. EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) and is being released by the U.S. Geological Survey for public use. The 40 sq. km hexagons were derived from a grid consisting of a triangular array of points that cover the United States and neighboring Canada and Mexico. The base grid of points had a companion areal structure called a tessellation. The base tessellation hexagons constituted this tessellation. In other words, surrounding each grid point was a hexagon that defines the area within which all points are closer to this grid point than to any other, and the set of hexagons defined this way completely and -mutually exclusively covers the space of the grid. The grid had a base density of approximately 648 sq. km per point with a spacing of approximately 27 km between points. The original 40 sq. km hexagons (which do not form a tessellation) were centered about the randomized grid points and are exactly 1/16th the size of the tessellation hexagons (and therefore slightly more than 40 sq. km). Hexagon boundaries are distributed in geodetic coordinates based on the Clarke 1866 model of the Earth, meaning that the coordinates are latitude and longitude on the ellipsoid used by most North American geodetic coordinate systems. Distribution can also be made in GRS 80 coordinates if desired. The precision of the coordinates is to millionths of a degree (i.e., to 6 decimal places of a degree). This corresponds to about 0.1 meter on the surface of the Earth. The point grid was constructed in the plane of a special version of the Lambert azimuthal equal area projection; for subsequent use they may be projected using other map projections. When other projections are used, the geometry of the point grid will not be perfectly triangular nor will the hexagons surrounding the points be perfect, since sizes and/or shapes and/or distances will necessarily be distorted in another projection relative to the one used to construct the grid. This 40 sq. km hexagon tessellation was created by two successive enhancements of the 648 sq. km tessellation by factors of four. See White et al. 1992 in references.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:5ba9378fe4b08583a5ca0937
Data Last Modified 20200922
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 25eb26eb-bac5-4a76-ac2d-321707798dcf
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -128.8017,22.4993,-64.431,51.9313
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 814c85c324120ec55920a1089da62aeab97d70bf4924e604a1c9dbbc71951aaa
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -128.8017, 22.4993, -128.8017, 51.9313, -64.431, 51.9313, -64.431, 22.4993, -128.8017, 22.4993}

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