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End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock

Metadata Updated: March 29, 2024

The United States is embarking on an ambitious transition to a 100% clean energy economy by 2050, which will require improving the flexibility of electric grids. One way to achieve grid flexibility is to shed or shift demand to align with changing grid needs. To facilitate this, it is critical to understand how and when energy is used. High quality end-use load profiles (EULPs) provide this information, and can help cities, states, and utilities understand the time-sensitive value of energy efficiency, demand response, and distributed energy resources. Publicly available EULPs have traditionally had limited application because of age and incomplete geographic representation. To help fill this gap, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded a three-year project, End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock, that culminated in this publicly available dataset of calibrated and validated 15-minute resolution load profiles for all major residential and commercial building types and end uses, across all climate regions in the United States. These EULPs were created by calibrating the ResStock and ComStock physics-based building stock models using many different measured datasets, as described in the "Technical Report Documenting Methodology" linked in the submission.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: Creative Commons Attribution

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date May 2, 2022
Metadata Updated Date March 29, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from OpenEI data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 2, 2022
Metadata Updated Date March 29, 2024
Publisher National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Doi 10.25984/1876417
Data First Published 2021-10-14T06:00:00Z
Data Last Modified 2024-03-28T21:44:29Z
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 019:20
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Data Quality True
Harvest Object Id 7699652f-bd56-4a77-a7da-f686a4dfe877
Harvest Source Id 7cbf9085-0290-4e9f-bec1-91653baeddfd
Harvest Source Title OpenEI data.json
Homepage URL
Old Spatial {"type":"Polygon","coordinates":-180,-83,180,-83,180,83,-180,83,-180,-83}
Program Code 019:002, 019:000
Projectnumber FY19 AOP
Projecttitle End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash fbdcca7cf0271f7964b9ae88f91cbbfd1c09fe73a465bb6825ae07a72d29fa99
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type":"Polygon","coordinates":-180,-83,180,-83,180,83,-180,83,-180,-83}

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