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Diabetes control is associated with environmental quality in the U.S.

Metadata Updated: July 21, 2022

Population-based county-level estimates for prevalence of DC were obtained from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) for the years 2004-2012 (16). DC prevalence rate was defined as the propor-tion of people within a county who had previously been diagnosed with diabetes (high fasting plasma glu-cose 126 mg/dL, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 6.5%, or diabetes diagnosis) but do not currently have high fasting plasma glucose or HbA1c for the period 2004-2012. DC prevalence estimates were calculated using a two-stage approach. The first stage used National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to predict high fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels (≥126 mg/dL) and/or HbA1C levels (≥6.5% [48 mmol/mol]) based on self-reported demographic and behavioral characteristics (16). This model was then applied to Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data to impute high FPG and/or HbA1C status for each BRFSS respondent (16). The second stage used the imputed BRFSS data to fit a series of small area models, which were used to predict county-level prevalence of diabetes-related outcomes, including DC (16). The EQI was constructed for 2006-2010 for all US counties and is composed of five domains (air, water, built, land, and sociodemographic), each composed of variables to represent the environmental quality of that domain. Domain-specific EQIs were developed using principal components analysis (PCA) to reduce these variables within each domain while the overall EQI was constructed from a second PCA from these individual domains (L. C. Messer et al., 2014). To account for differences in environment across rural and urban counties, the overall and domain-specific EQIs were stratified by rural urban continuum codes (RUCCs) (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2015). Results are reported as prevalence rate differences (PRD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing the highest quintile/worst environmental quality to the lowest quintile/best environmental quality expo-sure metrics. PRDs are representative of the entire period of interest, 2004-2012. Due to availability of DC data and covariate data, not all counties were captured, however, the majority, 3134 of 3142 were utilized in the analysis. This dataset is not publicly accessible because: EPA cannot release personally identifiable information regarding living individuals, according to the Privacy Act and the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). This dataset contains information about human research subjects. Because there is potential to identify individual participants and disclose personal information, either alone or in combination with other datasets, individual level data are not appropriate to post for public access. Restricted access may be granted to authorized persons by contacting the party listed. It can be accessed through the following means: Human health data are not available publicly. EQI data are available at: Format: Data are stored as csv files.

This dataset is associated with the following publication: Jagai, J., A. Krajewski, K. Price, D. Lobdell, and R. Sargis. Diabetes control is associated with environmental quality in the USA. Endocrine Connections. BioScientifica Ltd., Bristol, UK, 10(9): 1018-1026, (2021).

Access & Use Information

Restricted: This dataset can only be accessed or used under certain conditions. License: See this page for license information.

Downloads & Resources

No file downloads have been provided. The publisher may provide downloads in the future or they may be available from their other links.



Metadata Created Date July 21, 2022
Metadata Updated Date July 21, 2022

Metadata Source

Harvested from EPA ScienceHub

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date July 21, 2022
Metadata Updated Date July 21, 2022
Publisher U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD)
Data Last Modified 2020-07-31
Rights EPA Category: Personally Identifiable Information (PII), NARA Category: Privacy
Public Access Level restricted public
Bureau Code 020:00
Schema Version
Harvest Object Id 5b52fc80-ec98-4e1d-83fb-efbc9f936277
Harvest Source Id 04b59eaf-ae53-4066-93db-80f2ed0df446
Harvest Source Title EPA ScienceHub
Program Code 020:097
Publisher Hierarchy U.S. Government > U.S. Environmental Protection Agency > U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD)
Related Documents
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 2d21c3fd189fe9c13710ace92dc8f13f340f3239
Source Schema Version 1.1

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