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Dams and Sediment in the Hudson (DaSH) - NERRS/NSC(NERRS Science Collaborative)

Metadata Updated: April 15, 2024

Dams and Sediment in the Hudson answered key questions about how dam removal will impact conditions in the estuary and offered surprising new findings about tidal marshes in the Hudson River valley. The project used a multidisciplinary approach that combined field observations with an analysis of sediment transport using a proven hydrodynamic model.

Researchers surveyed 17 representative dams in the Lower Hudson River watershed by measuring water depth and sediment thickness and collecting sediment cores. Results were extrapolated to the 1700 registered dams located on tributaries of the Lower Hudson River to estimate the total amount of sediment trapped in the watershed. These observations were complemented by an analysis of sediment discharge data from existing monitoring stations on tributaries to characterize typical sediment input to the estuary and conditions following major storm events. A numerical model of circulation and sediment transport in the estuary was used to evaluate the impact of dam removal scenarios. To understand sediment contributions to tidal wetlands along the Hudson, researchers collected transects of sediment core from 6 representative tidal wetlands and coves. Geochronological data of sediment cores combined with an analysis of historical and aerial photos was used to assess when wetlands began to form and their rates of accumulation.

Results show that dam removals would have a minimal impact on sediment supply to the estuary and tidal wetland growth. Only 10% of dams in the Lower Hudson River watershed are effective sediment traps, and the potential amount of sediment that would be released if all dams were removed represents less than 2 years average sediment input from the watershed. Tidal wetlands along the Hudson were found to be remarkably young and rapidly accumulating sediment despite the presence of dams, growing vertically at rates several times faster than sea level rise.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Date February 29, 2024
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date April 15, 2024
Reference Date(s) 2020 (creation), September 1, 2017 (publication)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from NOS OCM

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date February 29, 2024
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date April 15, 2024
Reference Date(s) 2020 (creation), September 1, 2017 (publication)
Responsible Party Office for Coastal Management (Custodian)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:47702
Access Constraints Cite As: Office for Coastal Management, [Date of Access]: Dams and Sediment in the Hudson (DaSH) - NERRS/NSC(NERRS Science Collaborative) [Data Date Range], https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/47702., Access Constraints: None, Use Constraints: Cite this dataset when used as a source: NOAA retains the right to analyze, synthesize and publish summaries of the NERRS/NSC data. The NERRS/NSC retains the right to be fully credited for having collected and process the data. Following academic courtesy standards, the NERR site where the data were collected should be contacted and fully acknowledged in any subsequent publications in which any part of the data are used. The data enclosed within this package/transmission are only as accurate as the quality assurance and quality control procedures that are described in the associated metadata reporting statement allow. The user bears all responsibility for its subsequent use/misuse in any further analyses or comparisons. The Federal government does not assume liability to the Recipient or third persons, nor will the Federal government reimburse or indemnify the Recipient for its liability due to any losses resulting in any way from the use of this data. Requested citation format: NOAA National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) Science Collaborative(NSC)., Distribution Liability: The distributor does not assume liability.
Bbox East Long -73.875
Bbox North Lat 41.33
Bbox South Lat 41
Bbox West Long -74
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Harvest Object Id ed0874bf-4cb6-4146-bada-e77160101b2d
Harvest Source Id c0121fd9-df15-4168-ac04-42f6e36a794d
Harvest Source Title NOS OCM
Licence NOAA provides no warranty, nor accepts any liability occurring from any incomplete, incorrect, or misleading data, or from any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading use of the data. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether or not the data is suitable for the intended purpose.
Lineage This information is detailed within the project links.
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-74.0, 41.0], [-73.875, 41.0], [-73.875, 41.33], [-74.0, 41.33], [-74.0, 41.0]]]}
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2016-11-01
Temporal Extent End 2020-03-01

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