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Cross-validation results for five statistical methods of daily streamflow estimation at 1,385 reference streamgages in the conterminous United States, Water Years 1981-2017

Metadata Updated: October 28, 2023

This data release contains daily time series estimates of natural streamflow for 1,385 streamgages in 19 study regions in the conterminous U.S. from October 1, 1980, through September 30, 2017. These estimates are provided for gages from mostly undisturbed watersheds as defined by Falcone (2011), using five statistical techniques: nearest-neighbor drainage area ratio (NNDAR), map-correlation drainage area ratio (MCDAR), nearest-neighbor nonlinear spatial interpolation using flow duration curves (NNQPPQ), map-correlation nonlinear spatial interpolation using flow duration curves (MCQPPQ), and ordinary kriging of the logarithms of discharge per unit area (OKDAR). Location information and basin characteristics for study gages were obtained from the "Reference" gages of the GAGES-II dataset (Falcone, 2011, Observed daily streamflow data were retrieved from the National Water Information System (NWIS) on September 7, 2018. NNDAR, MCDAR, NNQPPQ, and MCQPPQ estimates were computed following methods described by Farmer and others (2014), with updates to the flow-duration curve modeling which is described by Over and others (2018). OKDAR estimates were computed using pooled variograms for each study region following methods described by Farmer (2016). Daily streamflow estimation was conducted in a leave-one-out-cross-validation approach where each streamgage was treated as if ungaged and all the remaining streamgages in a study region were used to calibrate each method and perform estimations at the "ungaged" site. The observed streamflow records were compared to the five simulated streamflow records to help assess performance of each method. These performance metrics are provided at each gage for all five statistical methods. References cited: Falcone, J.A., 2011, GAGES-II: Geospatial Attributes of Gages for Evaluating Streamflow [digital spatial dataset] : U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources NSDI Node web page, Farmer, W.H., Archfield, S.A., Over, T.M., Hay, L.E., LaFontaine, J.H., and Kiang, J.E., 2014, A comparison of methods to predict historical daily streamflow time series in the southeastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5231, 34 p., Farmer, W. H., 2016, Ordinary kriging as a tool to estimate historical daily streamflow records, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20, 2721-2735, Over, T.M., Farmer, W.H., Russell, A.M., 2018, Refinement of a regression-based method for prediction of flow-duration curves of daily streamflow in the conterminous United States; U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5072,

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:5df2c29ee4b02caea0f95b92
Data Last Modified 20200813
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id ef9d96fc-6569-4308-b52d-34b1aa8456b1
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -125.59570312358,24.166402900476,-65.478515625979,49.353470715064
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash a700567e69e0bbab347eb3d05e3d439858dbb65884568699f64c6a5bfc3d9de3
Source Schema Version 1.1
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