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Critical head, thickness of fine-grained deposit, and skeletal elastic storage arrays of the SUB package of the Central Valley Hydrologic Model

Metadata Updated: March 22, 2024

This digital dataset defines the SUB package arrays for the model grid, critical head, thickness of fine-grained deposits, and skeletal-elastic-storage used in the transient hydrologic model of the Central Valley flow system. The Central Valley encompasses an approximate 50,000 square-kilometer region of California. The complex hydrologic system of the Central Valley is simulated using the USGS numerical modeling code MODFLOW-FMP (Schmid 2006b). This simulation is referred to here as the Central Valley Hydrologic Model (CVHM) (Faunt, 2009). Utilizing MODFLOW-FMP, the CVHM simulates groundwater- and surface-water flow, irrigated agriculture, land subsidence, and other key processes in the Central Valley on a monthly basis from 1961-2003. The total active modeled area is 20,334 square-miles on a finite- difference grid comprising 441 rows and 98 columns. Slightly less than 50 percent of the cells are active. The CVHM model grid has a uniform horizontal discretization of 1x1 square mile and is oriented parallel to the valley axis, 34 degrees west of north (Faunt, 2009). Both the elastic and inelastic components of skeletal specific storage (Ssf) were simulated with the SUB package. The elastic and inelastic skeletal storage coefficients were calculated as the product of the estimated elastic- and inelastic-specific storage values for coarse- and fine-grained materials and the aggregate thicknesses of those materials in each cell. The elastic skeletal storage coefficient of the coarse-grained deposits was estimated from the product of the aggregate thickness of coarse-grained deposits and the difference between estimated elastic-specific storage and the specific storage representing the compressibility of water (Hanson, 1988; Faunt, 2009).
Critical head is another parameter used by the SUB package that strongly affects storage changes, particularly the timing of those changes. Critical head is the equivalent head at which effective or intergranular stress is equal to the pre-consolidation stress (Faunt, 2009). The equivalent critical head, or preconsolidation stress, represents the threshold stress that determines whether changes in stress deform the granular skeleton elastically or inelastically. For head changes (whether positive or negative) in the range of heads greater than the critical head, the skeleton deforms elastically. For head changes in the range of heads less than the critical head, the mode of skeletal deformation depends on the sense of the head change--a positive change (head increase) causes elastic deformation, and a negative change (head decrease) causes inelastic deformation and re-establishes a new critical head. In the upper three model layers, specified initial critical- head values were equal to the water levels estimated for the spring of 1961 (starting head values used in CVHM). In the lower seven model layers, the initial critical heads initially were derived from those estimated by Williamson and others (1989). These heads are approximate and were interpolated from the minimum historical head values simulated in the CV-RASA model. In the final calibration, specified initial critical heads were equal to the head simulated in CVHM in September 1961. These values approximate the minimum historical head value in 1961 (Faunt, 2009).The CVHM is the most recent regional-scale model of the Central Valley developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The CVHM was developed as part of the USGS Groundwater Resources Program (see "Foreword", Chapter A, page iii, for details).

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date March 22, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date March 22, 2024
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:cd1085d7-7fcf-40ae-90b8-d779ba3e65ed
Data Last Modified 20201117
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 58d8d55e-7634-47d5-8d3b-8058f44cf9ca
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -123.831528,34.519871,-117.916328,40.748631
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 4a04b685c1e7f5abd48be7c9ebdc24f2d6253c5badcb5d36c3702387e9f9b004
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -123.831528, 34.519871, -123.831528, 40.748631, -117.916328, 40.748631, -117.916328, 34.519871, -123.831528, 34.519871}

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