Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Skip to content

COVID-19 and Recovery: Estimates From Payment Card Transactions

Metadata Updated: July 15, 2022

BEA has been researching the use of card transaction data as an early barometer of spending in the United States. Since the emergence of COVID-19, dramatic and fast-moving changes to the U.S. economy have increased the public and policymakers' need for more frequent and timely economic data. In response, BEA is presenting these estimates using daily payment card data to measure the effects of the pandemic on spending, updated approximately every two weeks. Note that these payment card transactions are not necessarily representative of total spending in an industry and the data have other limitations, described below. The estimates in these charts and tables are not a substitute for BEA's monthly and quarterly official data, which are grounded in well-tested and proven methodologies. An event study methodology is used to estimate the difference (in percentage points) in spending from the typical level (relative to the day of week, month, and annual trends) prior to the pandemic declared by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date July 15, 2022
Metadata Updated Date July 15, 2022
Data Update Frequency irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from Commerce Non Spatial Data.json Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date July 15, 2022
Metadata Updated Date July 15, 2022
Publisher Bureau of Economic Analysis
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2020-12-14
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 006:08
Metadata Context
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 8d27dcc0-1f55-47aa-8a4c-99d9df3dd39c
Harvest Source Id bce99b55-29c1-47be-b214-b8e71e9180b1
Harvest Source Title Commerce Non Spatial Data.json Harvest Source
Program Code 006:021
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 843029c252c8fef858305d914dd3cdcbb6080f4a
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial USA
Temporal 2020-01/2020-12

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.