This is a Non-Federal dataset covered by different Terms of Use than

Biota of North America Program

Metadata Updated: August 15, 2019

The Biota of North America Program (BONAP) of the North Carolina Botanical Garden was founded in 1969 by Dr. John Kartesz, with the goal of developing a unified system for assessing the North American biota. BONAP works closely with federal government agencies, private organizations, and universities, including the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, the University of California at Berkeley, and many others, to develop and provide nomenclatural, taxonomic, and phytogeographic data. BONAP's nomenclatural data, published in 1994 in the second edition of a two-volume work, "A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland," and updated annually, represents the most comprehensive assessment of the nomenclature and taxonomy of the North American vascular flora (north of Mexico) thus far produced. In addition to nomenclature and taxonomy, BONAP maintains an exhaustive assessment of phytogeographic distributions for some 36,000 North American plant taxa occurring north of Mexico. For some of the 500,000 state- or equivalent-level distributional records, a bibliographic reference and/or voucher documentation is maintained. County-level data are also maintained for all vascular plants found in approximately 36 U.S. states, with the goal of completing the county-level data for all 50 states within the next few years. Several thousand biological attribute fields, such as rarity, weediness, nativity, insectivory, plant habit, habitat, duration, biogeography, hardiness, medical value, and horticultural values, are also maintained by BONAP for each of the taxa treated, making the database one of the largest in existence. BONAP is to complete its 1997 Floristic Synthesis, a series of digital products intended to integrate the most fundamental components of its database, including the fully synonymized nomenclatural data, state- or equivalent-level distribution data, common names, and 45 biological attribute fields, for all 36,000 taxa, into a single package. The user-friendly system will permit complicated Boolean operations to be performed, via a mouse, while displaying the results graphically.

Access & Use Information

Non-Federal: This dataset is covered by different Terms of Use than License: No license information was provided.

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Metadata Date January 1, 1998
Metadata Created Date August 15, 2019
Metadata Updated Date August 15, 2019
Reference Date(s) January 1, 1998 (publication)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from Pennsylvania Geospatial Data Clearinghouse

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date January 1, 1998
Metadata Created Date August 15, 2019
Metadata Updated Date August 15, 2019
Reference Date(s) January 1, 1998 (publication)
Responsible Party University of North Carolina, Department of Biology, Biota of North America Program (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Use Constraints: None, Access Constraints: None
Bbox East Long -70
Bbox North Lat 90
Bbox South Lat 25
Bbox West Long -172
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Harvest Object Id 4b7312cc-2f3c-43a6-8e17-6e5690b0409f
Harvest Source Id 461fc638-8de6-4c37-9f60-43399e6f6031
Harvest Source Title Pennsylvania Geospatial Data Clearinghouse
Licence Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the Biota of North America Program, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data. It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from a Biota of North America Program server, and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. It is also strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. The Biota of North America Program server shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein.
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress underDevelopment
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True

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