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ASTER L2 Surface Reflectance VNIR and Crosstalk Corrected SWIR V003

Metadata Updated: April 8, 2024

The ASTER Surface Reflectance VNIR and Crosstalk Corrected SWIR (AST_07XT) dataset ( contains measures of the fraction of incoming solar radiation reflected from the Earth’s surface to the ASTER instrument corrected for atmospheric effects and viewing geometry for both the Visible and Near Infrared (VNIR) and Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) sensors. Each product delivery includes two Hierarchical Data Format - Earth Observing System (HDF-EOS) files: one for the VNIR, and the other for the SWIR. They are distinguished from one another by a one-second difference in the production time that appears as part of the file name. Both the VNIR and SWIR data are atmospherically corrected and are generated using the bands of the corresponding (ASTER L1B) ( image.

AST_07XT is a multi-file product that contains atmospherically corrected data for both the VNIR and SWIR sensors.

The crosstalk corrected product no longer displays blurred images initiated by stray light that caused multiple reflections with the SWIR bands.

ASTER Level 2 data requests for observations that occurred after May 27, 2020 will resort back to using the climatology ozone input. Additional information can be found in the ASTER L2 Processing Options Update (

Starting June 23, 2021, radiometric calibration coefficient Version 5 (RCC V5) will be applied to newly observed ASTER data and archived ASTER data products. Details regarding RCC V5 are described in the following journal article.

Tsuchida, S., Yamamoto, H., Kouyama, T., Obata, K., Sakuma, F., Tachikawa, T., Kamei, A., Arai, K., Czapla-Myers, J.S., Biggar, S.F., and Thome, K.J., 2020, Radiometric Degradation Curves for the ASTER VNIR Processing Using Vicarious and Lunar Calibrations: Remote Sensing, v. 12, no. 3, at

As of December 15, 2021, the LP DAAC has implemented changes to ASTER PGE Version 3.4, which will affect all ASTER Level 2 on-demand products. Changes include: • Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) has been added as one of the ancillary ozone inputs for any observations made after May 27, 2020. The sequence of fallbacks for ozone will remain the same. • Toolkit has been updated from Version 5.2.17 to 5.2.20. Users may notice minor differences between the two versions. Differences may include minuscule changes in digital numbers around the peripheral of the granule and boundaries of a cloud for Surface Reflectance and Surface Radiance (AST07 and AST09) QA Data Plane depending on the Operating System and libraries being used by the user to process the data.

Additionally, Climatology, which is one of the inputs for Ozone and Moisture, Temperature and Pressures (MTP) will be removed from the Earthdata Order Form. It has been observed that PGEs generated with Climatology as an input yield noticeable differences statistically during image and spectral analysis. Climatology will continue to be used as the final default if neither of the first two selectable options are available for Ozone and MTP. Users can check the OPERATIONALQUALITYFLAGEXPLANATION field in the metadata or the output file for atmospheric parameters that were applied

Aura OMI data are no longer available as an input for ASTER Level 2 data acquisitions after October 6, 2023. For data acquired after this date, ozone inputs will automatically fall back to climatology ozone inputs when Aura OMI is selected as an input. For more details, please refer to the Discontinuation of Aura OMI as an Input news announcement (

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date April 8, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Graphic Preview

Browse image for Earthdata Search

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date April 8, 2024
Publisher LP DAAC
Identifier C1299783608-LPDAAC_ECS
Data First Published 2000-03-06
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2024-04-01
Category Terra, geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Citation NASA/METI/AIST/Japan Spacesystems and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team. 2006-10-13. AST_07XT.003. ASTER On-Demand L2 Surface Reflectance VNIR and SWIR Crosstalk-Corrected. Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA. Archived by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Government, NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. The DOI landing page provides citations in APA and Chicago styles..
Creator NASA/METI/AIST/Japan Spacesystems and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team
Graphic Preview Description Browse image for Earthdata Search
Graphic Preview File
Harvest Object Id 94a31f43-fe5d-4dbe-85ce-471b1b94b87a
Harvest Source Id 58f92550-7a01-4f00-b1b2-8dc953bd598f
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Homepage URL
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -180.0 -90.0 180.0 90.0
Program Code 026:001
Release Place Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA
Series Name AST_07XT.003
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash e9548195e343070c1336802149c34cf7a38a6958f306bfecdc3aec7445ec8035
Source Schema Version 1.1
Temporal 2000-03-06T00:30:05Z/2024-04-08T00:00:00Z

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