AFSC/ABL: Stock composition, timing, and spawning distribution of Yukon River Chinook salmon

Metadata Updated: November 17, 2018

Radio telemetry was used to determine the distribution, locate spawning sites, and evaluate the tagging response of wild Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha returning to a large, free-flowing river basin. A total of 2,860 fish were radio tagged in the lower Yukon River and tracked upriver. Fish traveled to spawning areas throughout the basin, ranging from several hundred to over 3,000 km from the tagging site. We found similar distribution patterns across years, suggesting that the major components of the return were identified. Most spawning fish were clustered in a number of principal tributaries, although small numbers of fish were located in other spatially-isolated areas. The cumulative contribution of these minor stocks was appreciable, making up 28-31% of the tagged sample. There was suggestive evidence of mainstem spawning in upper reaches of the basin. Large-scale elevation and physiographic data were useful in categorizing spawning areas, with most fish returning to relatively entrenched upland rivers. Fish were largely absent in lowland reaches characterized by meandering, low gradient, alluvial channels often associated with main river floodplains. The fish generally responded well to the capture, handling, and tagging procedures with most (2,790, 97.6%) resuming upriver movements, although the fish initially displayed a negative tagging response, with slower migration rates observed immediately after release. The duration of this response was relatively short (several days) and less severe as the fish moved upriver. The swimming speeds of radio-tagged fish after the initial delay were comparable to estimates for untagged fish, further suggesting that the capture, handling, and tagging methods used were relatively benign. Identifying the primary components of the run (including both major and minor stocks) and determining site-specific utilization patterns can fundamentally enhance salmon management in large river basins, and facilitate research and conservation efforts.

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Dates

Metadata Date February 28, 2018
Metadata Created Date May 31, 2016
Metadata Updated Date November 17, 2018
Reference Date(s) (publication)
Frequency Of Update notPlanned

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Harvested from NOAA CSW Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date February 28, 2018
Metadata Created Date May 31, 2016
Metadata Updated Date November 17, 2018
Reference Date(s) (publication)
Responsible Party Alaska Fisheries Science Center (Point of Contact, Custodian)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Access Constraints: Contact the Point of Contact for data request form. | Use Constraints: User must read and fully comprehend the metadata prior to use. Data should not be used beyond the limits of the source scale. Acknowledgement of NOAA, as the source from which these data were obtained, in any publications and/or other representations of these data is suggested. | Distribution Liability: The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Bbox East Long -133
Bbox North Lat 68
Bbox South Lat 59
Bbox West Long -164
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Guid gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:17266
Harvest Object Id 31d36be0-a4bf-433f-b165-9ae9c0e3c11d
Harvest Source Id 2aed8e29-fc5b-4cde-aa66-fb1118fd705e
Harvest Source Title NOAA CSW Harvest Source
Licence
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2002
Temporal Extent End 2004

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