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Accuracy of Rapid Crop Cover Map of Conterminous United States for 2013

Metadata Updated: July 6, 2024

Spatially accurate annual crop cover maps are an important component to various planning and research applications; however, the importance of these maps varies significantly with the timing of their availability. Utilizing a previously developed crop classification model (CCM), which was used to generate historical annual crop cover maps (classifying nine major crops: corn, cotton, sorghum, soybeans, spring wheat, winter wheat, alfalfa, other hay/non alfalfa, fallow/idle cropland, and ‘other’ as one class for remaining crops), we hypothesized that such crop cover maps could be generated in near real time (NRT). The CCM was trained on 14 temporal and 15 static geospatial datasets, known as predictor variables, and the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Cropland Data Layers (CDL) was used as the dependent variable. We were able to generate a NRT crop cover map by the first day of September through a process of incrementally removing weekly and monthly data from the CCM and comparing the subsequent map results with the original maps and NASS CDLs. Initially, our NRT results revealed training error of 1.4% and test error of 8.3%, as compared to 1.0% and 7.6%, respectively for the original CCM. Through the implementation of a new ‘two-mapping model’ approach, we were able to substantially improve the results of the NRT crop cover model. We divided the NRT model into one ‘crop type model’ to handle the classification of the nine specific crops and a second, binary model to classify crops as presence or absence of the ‘other’ crop. Under the two-mapping model approach, the training errors were 0.8% and 1.5% for the crop type and binary model, respectively, while test errors were 5.5% and 6.4% for crop type and binary model, respectively. With overall mapping accuracy for the map reaching 64.31 percent, this approach shows strong potential for generating crop type maps of current year in September.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 6, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 6, 2024
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Maintainer
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Identifier USGS:5a870163e4b00f54eb3a2b10
Data Last Modified 20200818
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://datainventory.doi.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Harvest Object Id d43e246a-2bc2-4751-a958-ef06e9dfafc3
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -125.85937500000001,24.04646399966658,-66.09375000000001,49.49667452747045
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash d6baa079d86cdcd20ca98fd273b67fd21897628558e5096b203140e0a36f56e2
Source Schema Version 1.1
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