FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3809439_nw_15_1_20140704_20141009 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map

Identification Information:
Citation Information:
Originator: USDA-FSA-APFO Aerial Photography Field Office
Publication Date: 20141114
Title: FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3809439_nw_15_1_20140704_20141009 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: remote-sensing image
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Salt Lake City, Utah
Publisher: USDA-FSA-APFO Aerial Photography Field Office
Larger Work Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication Date: 2016
Title: USDA National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP)
Online Linkage: https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/51355312e4b0e1603e4fed62
Abstract: This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs. Ortho imagery provides an effective, intuitive means of communication about farm program administration between FSA and stakeholders. New technology and innovation is identified by fostering and maintaining a relationship with vendors and government partners, and by keeping pace with the broader geospatial community. As a result of these efforts the NAIP program provides three main products: DOQQ tiles, Compressed County Mosaics (CCM), and Seamline shape files. The Contract specifications for NAIP imagery have changed over time reflecting agency requirements and improving technologies. These changes include image resolution, horizontal accuracy, coverage area, and number of bands. In general, flying seasons are established by FSA and are targeted for peak crop growing conditions. The NAIP acquisition cycle is based on a minimum 3 year update of base ortho imagery. The tiling format of the NAIP imagery is based on a 3.75' x 3.75' quarter quadrangle with a 300 pixel buffer on all four sides. NAIP quarter quads are formatted to the UTM coordinate system using the North American Datum of 1983. NAIP imagery may contain as much as 10% cloud cover per tile.
Purpose: NAIP imagery is available for distribution within 60 days of the end of a flying season and is intended to provide current information of agricultural conditions in support of USDA farm programs. For USDA Farm Service Agency, the 1 meter and 1/2 meter GSD product provides an ortho image base for Common Land Unit boundaries and other data sets. The 1 meter and 1/2 meter NAIP imagery is generally acquired in projects covering full states in cooperation with state government and other federal agencies that use the imagery for a variety of purposes including land use planning and natural resource assessment. The NAIP is also used for disaster response.
Supplemental Information: {"gdaId" : 6996243}
Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Single Date/Time:
Calendar Date: 20140704
Currentness Reference: Ground Condition
Progress: Complete
Maintenance and Update Frequency: Irregular
Spatial Domain:
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinate: -94.2500
East Bounding Coordinate: -94.1875
North Bounding Coordinate: 38.5000
South Bounding Coordinate: 38.4375
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: The National Map Type Thesaurus
Theme Keyword: Downloadable Data
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: The National Map Theme Thesaurus
Theme Keyword: Orthoimagery
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: The National Map Collection Thesaurus
Theme Keyword: USDA National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP)
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: The National Map Product Extent Thesaurus
Theme Keyword: 3.75 x 3.75 minute
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: The National Map Product Format Thesaurus
Theme Keyword: JPEG2000
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Theme Keyword: farming
Theme Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: None
Theme Keyword: Digital Ortho rectified Image
Theme Keyword: Ortho Rectification
Theme Keyword: Quarter Quadrangle
Theme Keyword: NAIP
Theme Keyword: JPEG 2000
Theme Keyword: Aerial Compliance
Theme Keyword: Compliance
Place Keyword Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System
Place Keyword: MO
Place Keyword: Cass
Place Keyword: 29037
Place Keyword: MO037
Place Keyword: CASS CO MO FSA
Place Keyword: 3809439
Place Keyword: DAYTON, NW
Place Keyword: DAYTON
Access Constraints: There are no limitations for access.
Use Constraints: None. The USDA-FSA Aerial Photography Field office asks to be credited in derived products.
Point of Contact:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO)
Contact Address:
Address Type: mailing and physical
Address: 2222 West 2300 South
City: Salt Lake City
State or Province: Utah
Postal Code: 84119-2020
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: 801-844-2922
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 801-956-3653
Contact Electronic Mail Address: apfo.sales@slc.usda.gov
Browse Graphic:
Browse Graphic File Name: None
Browse Graphic File Description: None
Browse Graphic File Type: None
Native Data Set Environment: Unknown
Data Quality Information:
Logical Consistency Report: NAIP 3.75 minute tile file names are based on the USGS quadrangle naming convention.
Completeness Report: None
Positional Accuracy:
Horizontal Positional Accuracy:
Horizontal Positional Accuracy Report: NAIP horizontal accuracy specifications have evolved over the life of the program. From 2003 to 2004 the specifications were as follows: 1-meter GSD imagery was to match within 3-meters. For 2005 the 1-meter GSD specification was changed to 5 meters matching the reference imagery. In 2006 a pilot project was completed using true ground specifications rather than reference imagery. All states used the same specifications as 2005 except Utah, which required a match of +/- 6 meters to true ground. In 2007 all specifications were the same as 2006 except Arizona used true ground specifications and all other states used reference imagery. In 2008 and subsequent years all specifications were the same as 2007 except approximately half of the states acquired used true ground specifications and the other half used reference imagery. The 2008 states that used absolute ground control where; Indiana, Minnesota, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Texas, Vermont, and Virginia. From 2009 to present all NAIP imagery acquisitions used the +/- 6 meters to ground specification.
Source Information:
Source Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: USDA-FSA-APFO Aerial Photography Field Office
Publication Date: 20141114
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: remote-sensing image
Type of Source Media: Unknown
Source Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Single Date/Time:
Calendar Date: 20140704
Source Currentness Reference: Aerial Photography Date for aerial photo source.
Source Citation Abbreviation: orthorectifed Image
Source Contribution: Digital orthorectifed Image.
Process Step:
Process Description: Flight planning was performed in Leica MissionPro over a buffered boundary covering DOQQ extents provided by the USDA. A 500m reduced resolution DEM file was used to determine ground heights. A targeted flight altitude of approximately 18,000 feet above ground level with sidelap of 27% was used for flight planning parameters. Five Cessna Conquests and one Piper Cheyenne aircraft were used for acquisition, all equipped with Leica ADS100 systems where utilized for data capture. The Leica ADS100 pushbroom sensor has been calibrated by the manufacturer as well as validated against a local calibration range. The calibration includes measuring the radiometric and geometric properties of the camera. These data are used in the Post Processing Software to eliminate the radiometric and geometric distortion. All aerial imagery was collected with associated GPS/IMU data. ADS collection requires high quality IMU data for processing and was critical for early access hosting of digital data to the web for USDA interim access and review. After early access web delivery was complete, all imagery was triangulated using Leica XPro in which the airborne GPS data was constrained to expected limits. The final adjustments assure a high quality relative adjustment and a high quality absolute adjustment limited to the airborne GPS data accuracy. This process assures the final absolute accuracy of all geopositioned imagery. Both signalized and photo identified ground control were used to QC and control the IMU/GPS based aerial triangulation bundle block solution. For each project area the latest NED was downloaded from the USGS National Map Seamless Server website in late Spring 2014. Thirty Meter NED was used in all cases, and preferred over the available ten meter spacing to minimize image smearing and distortions that are exacerbated by a finer, but not more accurate DEM. A visual inspection of the NED using color cycled classification by elevation and a shaded relief was performed to check for gaps, corruption and gross errors. When available the NED was compared to known higher quality elevation sources to detect flaws. The predicted horizontal error for each point was added as an attribute in the SURDEX enterprise database. An operator reviews ortho seams in areas these predicted errors indicate horizontal error in excess of the contract specifications. Any imagery errors introduced by source NED required patching from an alternate perspective or strip of photography. Processing hardware used included various brands of survey grade GPS receivers, various brands and models of computers, RAID6 storage, calibrated monitors, various brands of monitor calibration colorimeters. Leica XPro was used for post processing of ADS pushbroom data, triangulation and orthorectification. SURDEX software was used to color correct and remove bidirectional reflectance, vignetting and other illumination trends. USDA APFO Image Metrics are measured and images corrected to conform to the Image Metrics using SURDEX software. GPS/IMU data was reduced to projected coordinates in the appropriate UTM zone using the IGI office software. Aerial Triangulation and orthorectification was performed using Leica MissionPro. SURDEX software was used to adjust for minor radiometric variation between adjacent images. SURDEX software was used to calculate the optimal seam path, check seam topology and create master tiles. SURDEX ortho software generates occlusion/smear polygons used during seam review of steep terrain. SURDEX software was used to visually inspect master tiles for seam and image defects. SURDEX software was used to project and cut final DOQQ image files from masters. SURDEX software was used to create CCM metadata. Lizardtech GeoExpress version was used to create the CCM image file. SURDEX software was used to perform final formatting, QC and naming of the DOQQ. USGS metadata parser software was used to validate the metadata. Various versions of Microsoft Windows were used in all phases of production. Surdex Grouping Tool provides real-time updates of the USDA APFO Image Metrics. The image technician adjusts image correction parameters to bring the radiometric characteristics of large groups of images within the Image Metrics ranges. Grouping Tool was used again after DOQQ and CCM production to provide a quality assurance check. Individual DOQQ and CCM may not meet the USDA APFO Image Metrics ranges due to land cover. The goal is to have the state as a whole meet the Image Metrics. To validate the accuracy of the block adjustment derived from GPS/IMU, sensor parameters and conjugate point measurements, photo identifiable ground control points were field surveyed within each State. These points were surveyed using GPS techniques to produce coordinates that are accurate to +/- 0.25 meters RMSE in XYZ. The GPS surveying techniques utilized assured that the coordinates are derived in the required project datum and relative to an approved National Reference System. If the block does not fit the control points within specifications the pass and tie points were reviewed for blunders and weak areas. If, after these corrections were made, the block still does not fit the control well the GPS and IMU processing were reviewed. Once the block has proper statistics and fits the control to specifications, the final bundle adjustment was made. As AT points are frequently on man-made and other vertical features not included in the DEM, these ortho points can only be used to indicate regions of error by the clusters of points that predict excessive horizontal displacement. All products are reviewed by independent personnel prior to delivery. The delivery is checked for omissions, commissions, naming, formatting, specification compliance and data integrity
Process Date: 20141114
Process Step:
Process Description: Following the receipt of the NAIP uncompressed geotiff quarter quadrangles (QQs) at APFO via a contract vehicle. Each NAD83 NAIP QQ image is transformed into the Web Mercator Auxiliary Sphere (WMAS) projection. This transformation was accomplished using ESRI ArcGIS 10.1 Arctools with the datum recalculation algorithm "NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_5" and Nearest neighbor resampling method. Then each NAIP image is clipped with a 2 pixel margin on all four edges using a DOQQ vector frame. ['WGS_1984_Web_Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere', GEOGCS['GCS_WGS_1984', DATUM['D_WGS_1984', SPHEROID['WGS_1984',6378137.0,298.257223563]], PRIMEM['Greenwich',0.0], UNIT['Degree',0.0174532925199433]], PROJECTION['Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere'], PARAMETER['False_Easting',0.0], PARAMETER['False_Northing',0.0], PARAMETER['Central_Meridian',0.0], PARAMETER['Standard_Parallel_1',0.0], PARAMETER['Auxiliary_Sphere_Type',0.0], UNIT['Meter',1.0]] Once the QQ is transformed to the WMAS projections the image is compressed 10:1 using LizardTech Geoexpress application. This newly compressed image is saved as a JPEG2000 file. Software Version: (Oct 14 2011, 14:25:59) Compression Command: mrsidgeoencoderU Options: -i <InFile> -if geotiff -o <OutFile> -of jp2 -cr 10
Process Date: 20141010
Spatial Data Organization Information:
Indirect Spatial Reference: Cass County, MO
Direct Spatial Reference Method: Raster
Raster Object Information:
Raster Object Type: Pixel
Row Count: 1
Column Count: 1
Spatial Reference Information:
Horizontal Coordinate System Definition:
Map Projection:
Map Projection Name: Web Mercator Auxiliary Sphere
Standard Parallel: 0.0
Longitude of Central Meridian: 0.0
False Easting: 0.0
False Northing: 0.0
Planar Coordinate Information:
Planar Coordinate Encoding Method: row and column
Coordinate Representation:
Abscissa Resolution: 1
Ordinate Resolution: 1
Planar Distance Units: meters
Geodetic Model:
Horizontal Datum Name: WGS_1984
Ellipsoid Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator of Flattening Ratio: 298.257222
Entity and Attribute Information:
Overview Description:
Entity and Attribute Overview: 32-bit pixels, 4 band color(RGBIR) values 0 - 255
Entity and Attribute Detail Citation: None
Distribution Information:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, National Geospatial Technical Operations Center
Contact Address:
Address Type: mailing and physical
Address: 1400 Independence Road
City: Rolla
State or Province: MO
Postal Code: 65401
Contact Address:
Address Type: mailing and physical
Address: Box 25046 Denver Federal Center
City: Lakewood
State or Province: CO
Postal Code: 80225
Contact Voice Telephone: 1-888-ASK-USGS (1-888-275-8747)
Contact Electronic Mail Address: http://www.usgs.gov/ask/
Hours: Monday through Friday 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Contact Instructions: Metadata information can also be obtained through online services using The National Map Viewer, at http://nationalmap.usgs.gov or EarthExplorer, at http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov or Ask USGS at http://www.usgs.gov/ask.
Resource Description: m_3809439_nw_15_1_20140704_20141009.jp2
Distribution Liability: In no event shall the creators, custodians, or distributors of this information be liable for any damages arising out of its use (or the inability to use it).
Standard Order Process:
Digital Form:
Digital Transfer Information:
Format Name: JPEG2000
Transfer Size: 23.81691265106201
Digital Transfer Option:
Online Option:
Computer Contact Information:
Network Address:
Network Resource Name: https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/NAIP/mo_2014/38094/m_3809439_nw_15_1_20140704_20141009.jp2
Digital Form:
Digital Transfer Information:
Format Name: JPEG 2000 - Joint Photographic Experts Group 2000
Format Information Content: Multispectral 4-band
Digital Transfer Option:
Offline Option:
Offline Media: CD-ROM
Recording Format: ISO 9660 Mode 1 Level 2 Extensions
Offline Option:
Offline Media: DVD-R
Recording Format: ISO 9660
Offline Option:
Offline Media: USB Hard Disk
Recording Format: NTFS
Offline Option:
Offline Media: FireWire Hard Disk
Recording Format: NTFS
Fees: Contact the Aerial Photography Field Office for more information
Metadata Reference Information:
Metadata Date: 20161003
Metadata Contact:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: USDA-FSA-APFO Aerial Photography Field Office
Contact Address:
Address Type: mailing and physical
Address: 2222 West 2300 South
City: Salt Lake City
State or Province: Utah
Postal Code: 84119-2020
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: 801-844-2922
Metadata Standard Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata Standard Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998