Taurine Growth Effects - Determining Optimum Taurine Supplementation Levels for Plant Proteins Incorporated into Marine Finfish Feeds using Juvenile Sablefish Anoplopoma fimbria

Metadata Updated: February 8, 2018

Taurine, an amino sulfonic acid, has important roles in osmoregulation, bile acid conjugation, membrane stabilization and calcium homeostasis in vertebrates. Though many animals biosynthesize taurine, felines and some marine finfish have low cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase (CSD) activity, limiting their ability to produce taurine. In cats, a diet devoid of taurine will cause blindness and multiple birth defects. Thus, taurine is an essential nutrient for the cat. The capacity of aquaculture finfish to biosynthesize taurine depends on the species. Although the underlying physiological processes are not yet understood, recent studies have shown that taurine improves growth of fish such as yellowtail, Japanese flounder, sea bream, and cobia. Though a promising aquaculture species, it is unknown whether sablefish can synthesize taurine or whether they must obtain it through their diet to achieve optimal growth.

While ample amounts of taurine are found in many rendered animal proteins, including fishmeal, taurine is absent from plant proteins recently employed in fish feeds. Studies on yellowtail, red sea bream, and rainbow trout fed low (or zero) fishmeal diets saw improved growth with taurine supplementation. Taurine limited processes are a potential barrier to the optimum growth and successful transition of marine finfish species from currently available, fishmeal based feeds to alternative, more sustainable, plant-based feeds. Fish weights and lengths for study.

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Metadata Date April 5, 2017
Metadata Created Date September 26, 2015
Metadata Updated Date February 8, 2018
Reference Date(s) June 1, 2015 (publication)
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Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date April 5, 2017
Metadata Created Date September 26, 2015
Metadata Updated Date February 8, 2018
Reference Date(s) June 1, 2015 (publication)
Responsible Party (); Northwest Fisheries Science Center (Point of Contact, Custodian)
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Access Constraints Access Constraints: NA | Use Constraints: Disclaimer - While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Bbox East Long -122.2962
Bbox North Lat 47.6549
Bbox South Lat 47.6449
Bbox West Long -122.3062
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Frequency Of Update
Guid gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:18569
Harvest Object Id 21566168-a8be-4fa6-8dce-70a027183914
Harvest Source Id 2aed8e29-fc5b-4cde-aa66-fb1118fd705e
Harvest Source Title NOAA CSW Harvest Source
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Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
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Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2011-09-01

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