SWIRP: Compact Submm-Wave and LWIR Polarimeters for Cirrus Ice Properties

Metadata Updated: February 28, 2019

Clouds remain as a major source of uncertainty in climate models. Ice clouds, in particular, are poorly constrained and have been used as a tuning parameter in the models to balance radiation budget at the top of atmosphere and precipitation at the surface. Lack of accurate cloud ice and its microphysical property measurements has led to large uncertainty about global clouds and their processes within the atmosphere. NASA’s Aerosol, Cloud and Ecosystems (ACE), an Earth Science Decadal Survey (DS) mission, recommended an advanced science payload with submm-wave and longwave infrared (LWIR) radiometers for such cloud ice measurement. In a recent community white paper, Cloud and Precipitation Process Measurements (CaPPM), dynamics and microphysical properties are identified as the key links between the cloud-precipitation pro-cesses and need more accurate measurements.

In this project we will develop a compact Submm-Wave and LWIR Polarimeters (SWIRP) in-strument to enable accurate measurements of cloud ice and its microphysical properties (particle size and shape). Radiometric and polarimetric measurements from the proposed submm (220 and 680 GHz) and IR (8.6, 11, and 12 μm) bands, providing the needed sensitivity over a full dynam-ic range of cloud ice, will be used jointly in cloud retrievals. The conical scanning configuration with SWIRP will preserve horizontal (H) and vertical (V) polarization information for bulk cloud particle shape retrievals while the SWIRP’s matched submm and LWIR footprints will allow the joint retrieval of cloud particle size with these frequency bands. The compactness of SWIRP de-sign enables cost-effective deployment of these radiometers-polarimeters on future large space-flight missions (e.g., ACE), or on small distributed flight systems for rapid update and frequent revisit sampling to study fast atmospheric processes.

In IIP-16 we will substantiate the technical feasibility of miniaturizing mm/submm polarimet-ric direct-detection receivers, a novel multi-channel LWIR spectro-polarimeters, and a compact Bearing and Power Transfer Assembly (BAPTA) for conical scanning observations. We will build a prototype instrument with self-calibration in a volume of 20x20x40 cm, and complete laboratory environmental and rooftop tests at the end of project. The entry level for the proposed instrument is TRL=3, and it will reach TRL=5 within the 3-year period of performance.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: U.S. Government Work

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Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019
Publisher Space Technology Mission Directorate
Unique Identifier TECHPORT_91984
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Harvest Object Id 40cd4ffe-a1fc-4b71-849a-b885d7deace3
Harvest Source Id 39e4ad2a-47ca-4507-8258-852babd0fd99
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Data First Published 2019-12-01
Homepage URL https://techport.nasa.gov/view/91984
License http://www.usa.gov/publicdomain/label/1.0/
Data Last Modified 2018-09-07
Program Code 026:027
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 7158176f5739acb6453ff4891a3c4956fdec474e
Source Schema Version 1.1

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