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Specific conductance of flatwood salamander breeding ponds: pre- and post-Hurricane Michael, 2013-2018

Metadata Updated: October 29, 2023

Hurricane Michael impacted the gulf coast of the southeastern USA in October 2018. During this storm, St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge, located along the northern Gulf of Mexico’s coast in the panhandle region of Florida, experienced storm surge that was 2.3 to 3.3 m above sea level. Storm surge pushed sea water into some ephemeral freshwater ponds used for breeding by the federally-threatened Frosted Flatwoods Salamander (Ambystoma cingulatum). Not all breeding wetlands were inundated by storm surge but, of those that were, conductivity was 11.2 to 216.7 times greater than in spring 2018. After the storm, specific conductance varied from 80 to 23,100 µS/cm (compared to 75 to 445 µS/cm in Spring 2018), setting the stage for varying population responses across this coastal landscape. Importantly, we found live individual flatwoods salamanders at both overwashed and non-overwashed sites, although we cannot yet assess the demographic consequences of this storm.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 29, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 29, 2023
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:5cae3e73e4b0c3b00654cf97
Data Last Modified 20200830
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id aebf4c56-ec4f-4e7d-8167-e76c7feaad4f
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -84.16591644287111,30.084542946324945,-84.06051635742189,30.180747605060766
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash ed4505e4cc890659477786548f6f001066498e8d61d510749c9826b526911f93
Source Schema Version 1.1
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