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Spaceflight and simulated microgravity conditions increase virulence of Serratia marcescens in the Drosophila melanogaster infection model

Metadata Updated: December 6, 2023

While it has been shown that astronauts suffer immune disorders after spaceflight the underlying causes are still poorly understood and there are many variables to consider when investigating the immune system in a complex environment. Additionally there is growing evidence that suggests that not only is the immune system being altered but the pathogens that infect the host are significantly influenced by spaceflight and ground-based spaceflight conditions. In this study we demonstrate that Serratia marcescens (strain Db11) was significantly more lethal to Drosophila melanogaster after growth on the International Space Station than ground-based controls but that the host immune system is not significantly altered amongst known immune genes. High-throughput sequencing of wild-type (w1118) adult hosts infected with either space or ground-reared S. marcescens revealed few changes in gene expression with 11 genes significantly differentially expressed (q-values <0.05) and only one gene related to the immune system. This data supports the main findings of the paper which state that both spaceflight and low-shear modeled microgravity conditions increase the virulence of this pathogen independent of the host immune system. This data which shows that there are no significant immune-related changes to the host when infected with space-grown sample compared to ground-grown sample provides further evidence that there are likely phenotypic changes to the pathogen itself that is causing increased virulence in spaceflight and in low-shear modeled microgravity. RNA was extracted in triplicate from 2 pooled adult (2-3 day old female) Drosophila melanogaster (w1118) per treatment with 4 total treatment groups (no injection control sham injection with PBS ground bacteria-injected and space bacteria-injected) with poly(A)+ RNA libraries. Samples were multiplexed and sequenced 100bp paired-end ready were sequenced on one lane of the Illumina HiSeq-4000.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: us-pd

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Dates

Metadata Created Date January 31, 2023
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023
Data Update Frequency irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date January 31, 2023
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023
Publisher National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Maintainer
Identifier nasa_genelab_GLDS-278_fub4-3whj
Data First Published 2021-05-21
Data Last Modified 2023-01-26
Category Earth Science
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Harvest Object Id 2c83bb44-6ab0-4018-9d49-5c83880d9f5e
Harvest Source Id 58f92550-7a01-4f00-b1b2-8dc953bd598f
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Homepage URL https://data.nasa.gov/d/fub4-3whj
License http://www.usa.gov/publicdomain/label/1.0/
Program Code 026:005
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 8276f61f19af738ac2a0a1913643f4e239916972c0c736608da91e43cfdc02be
Source Schema Version 1.1

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