Phase Measurement System for Gravitational Wave Detection

Metadata Updated: February 28, 2019

We propose to advance the maturity of the LISA Phasemeter based on our recent experience developing a flight Phasemeter for the Laser Ranging Interferometer (LRI) on NASA’s GRACE Follow-On mission. Our three main objectives are to:

1) incorporate the flight GRACE Follow-on LRI phasemeter developments into the TRL4 LISA design used extensively in our interferometer testbed [12];

2) evaluate the LRI Phasemeter against LISA’s more stringent requirements in order to identify required design changes;

3) advance the design maturity of the LISA phasemeter through an architecture study to maintain the viability of the Phasemeter as a contribution to ESA’s L3 gravitational wave mission.

NASA intends to partner in the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Gravitational-Wave detection mission, selected for the L3 mission to launch in 2034. This is expected to be a LISA-like mission [1, 2, 3] with the two enabling LISA technologies:

  1. a drag-free system to mitigate or measure non-gravitational forces on the spacecraft,

  2. an interferometric measure¬ment system with precision phasemeters [4] to measure picometer variations over the million kilometer separation between the spacecraft.

To validate the key technologies of the drag-free system, the ESA LISA Pathfinder (LPF) mission [5] is currently demonstrating a gravitational reference sensor (GRS) and micro-Newton thrusters in space. While LPF has an on-board interferometer to measure proof-mass motion with respect to the spacecraft, the LPF interferometer does not test the inter-spacecraft laser interferometry needed for a LISA-like mission.

To validate the key technologies of the LISA interferometric measurement, the JPL LISA Phase Measurement Team has studied and developed a prototype LISA phase measurement system. This phase measurement system has also been adapted for a demonstration mission, albeit in a different arena. GRACE Follow-On’s Laser Ranging Interferometer (LRI) [6], due to launch in late 2017, will make LISA-like inter-spacecraft interferometric measurements across the ~200 km separation between spacecraft. The LRI interferometric measurement system has a LISA-like precision phasemeter as the main science instrument, with similar signal environments but relaxed or reduced requirements.

The proposers first developed the prototype LISA phasemeter that made the LRI possible, and then developed and delivered the flight LRI phasemeter.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: U.S. Government Work

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Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019
Publisher Space Technology Mission Directorate
Unique Identifier TECHPORT_92132
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 8f9d9548-4ce0-4817-8005-88065be00fe7
Harvest Source Id 39e4ad2a-47ca-4507-8258-852babd0fd99
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Data First Published 2018-12-01
Homepage URL
Data Last Modified 2018-09-05
Program Code 026:027
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 0a796c756f64be1f88c48919b9043738bc03435e
Source Schema Version 1.1

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