NPP Grassland: Kursk, Russia, 1954-1983, R1

Metadata Updated: March 23, 2019

This data set provides two data files in text format (.txt). One file contains a long time series of biomass measurements made between 1954 and 1983 on a virgin meadow steppe in the Central-Chernozem V.V. Alyekhin Natural Reserve, Kursk Region, Russia. The second file contains monthly and annual climate data for the study site for the period 1947-1983.Above-ground live biomass measurements were made at biweekly to monthly intervals over the entire 30-year time series. Discontinuous measurements of above-ground standing dead matter and litter biomass (1956-1983) and below-ground live and dead biomass (1972-1973 and 1981-1983) were also made. Cumulative ANPP was estimated at the end of the growing season (1956-1963 and 1972-1973) and monthly (1982-1983). Averaged over the time series, above-ground live phytomass, standing dead, and litter biomass were estimated to be 362, 344, and 424 g/m2 (dry matter weight), respectively, while below-ground phytomass and mortmass were 910 and 1,370 g/m2 (dry matter weight), respectively. ANPP was estimated to be 774 g/m2/yr and BNPP was estimated to be 1,700 g/m2/yr for a TNPP estimate of 2,474 g/m2/yr. The study site is one of eight major grassland types of Eurasia which encompass an extremely wide climatic gradient in the direction of increasing maximum summer temperatures and continentality and decreasing precipitation in a north-west to the south-east band of steppes in the European and Asian parts of the former USSR (Commonwealth of Independent States). Kurst, on rich loamy chernozem soil, is one of the most productive upland grassland ecosystems of Russia with annual mean maximum/minimum temperatures of 24.8/-14.4 C and annual mean precipitation of 582.7 mm for the period 1947-1983. Revision Notes: Only the documentation for this data set has been modified. The data files have been checked for accuracy and are identical to those originally published in 1996.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Created Date August 1, 2018
Metadata Updated Date March 23, 2019

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

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Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date August 1, 2018
Metadata Updated Date March 23, 2019
Publisher ORNL_DAAC
Unique Identifier C1000000241-ORNL_DAAC
Maintainer
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Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Citation Archived by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Government, ORNL_DAAC. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/149. Gilmanov, T.G. 2015. NPP Grassland: Kursk, Russia, 1954-1983, R1. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/149.
Datagov Dedupe Retained 20190322235447
Graphic Preview Description Browse Image
Graphic Preview File https://daac.ornl.gov/graphics/browse/project/square/npp_logo_square.png
Harvest Object Id 809ba2e3-3a76-4dd1-af63-d3dfff325f5f
Harvest Source Id 39e4ad2a-47ca-4507-8258-852babd0fd99
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Data First Published 2015-04-21
Homepage URL https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/149
Language en-US
Metadata Type geospatial
Data Last Modified 2018-11-29
Program Code 026:001
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 2607df186fb4ab8ecb450292ed87618c5a9ad0a0
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial 51.67 36.5
Temporal 1947-01-01T00:00:00Z/1983-12-31T23:59:59Z
Category NPP, geospatial

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