NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program: 2016 projects to assess coral resilence and the resilence of communities to climate change

Metadata Updated: November 17, 2018

In 2016 the following projects will take place to assess coral resilence and the resilence of communities to climate change:

Climate and resilience-based decision-support tools to maximize coral transplant survivorship and reef recovery in Florida: There are currently at least 7 coral nurseries in Florida that cultivate the ESA-listed ‘threatened’ Acropora cervicornis. These thousands of corals represent great monetary and labor investments (~75k/y for UM alone) and one of our best opportunities to maintain resilient populations of this species. Ideally, these corals should be out-planted to locations where the conditions are most favorable for long-term survival. This collaborative applied research project will ensure nursery operators and Florida reef managers have access to maps presenting a scheme for identifying and ranking candidate sites that accounts for ocean acidification and includes downscaled coral bleaching projections.

Elucidating the recipe for coral reef resilience in the Florida Keys: This project will take advantage of the 2015 mass coral bleaching event in the Florida Keys to field test the five hypotheses for why the inshore patch reefs have had resilience to the region-wide loss in coral cover. Data collected will determine if this is a result of: 1) thermal acclimatization/adaption, 2) shading from high turbidity leading to depressed bleaching, 3) increased heterotrophy, 4) heat-resistant zooxanthellae, and/or 5) elevated aragonite saturation states. This will yield valuable insights for coral reef managers as they work to conserve these resources with climate change and ocean acidification.

Social-ecological vulnerability assessment of reef fisheries and communities to promote climate resiliency in American Samoa: This project will develop a social-ecological climate change vulnerability assessment of coastal communities and coral reef fisheries in Tutuila, American Samoa, focusing on American Samoa’s two priority watersheds (Vatia and Faga'alu). Depending on the quality of existing data and level of funding, we will analyze up to 4 additional sites as feasible. Information on vulnerability and resilience will be presented to local agencies and communities to be incorporated into existing management plans and processes, utilizing PLA to raise community awareness and identify adaptation strategies at the community level.

Identifying coral reef resilience potential in American Samoa based on CRED coral reef monitoring data: This project will address a jurisdictional management priority in American Samoa by evaluating the resilience of coral reefs to the effects of climate change and other stressors. We will address this need by completing a Reef Resilience Assessment (RRA) for priority management areas around Tutuila relative to reef conditions island-wide. This RRA will provide managers with information needed to target conservation efforts to maximize the resilience of reef communities. The results of this project will also support the upcoming revision of the "Local Response to Climate Change" initiative of the Local Action Strategies of American Samoa.

Assessing coral reef resilience along the South Kohala Coast of Hawaii: NOAA, Hawaii's DLNR and external partners are collaborating on a reef resilience assessment for the West Hawaii Habitat Focus Area, with support from CRCP in FY15. FY15 funding includes the data collection and analysis of 40 sites for indicators of resilience. The FY16 proposal includes an outreach strategy to interpret the results from the FY15 funded work with local resource managers, policy makers and community members, to facilitate the implementation of management recommendations. This comprehensive strategy is critical in order to make the information usable and to work with managers and policy makers to support changes in management actions.

Climate Change Vulnerability Analysis for US Pacific Reefs - Integrating Exposure, Resilience, and Social Adaptive Capacity: This project will synthesize existing assessments and gap-fill using existing and developing datasets to generate a regional-scale full climate change vulnerability assessment of US Pacific coral reef resources, spanning exposure, resilience, and social adaptive capacity. Specifically,we will include (a) measures and projections of reef exposure to anthropogenic threats, (b) estimates of reef capacity for resistance to and recovery from said threats (aka. resilience), and (c) in populated areas, estimates of social adaptive capacity to manage. This three-stage analysis will be guided by experts in both biological vulnerability assessment, and social vulnerability assessment.

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Dates

Metadata Date March 28, 2018
Metadata Created Date March 28, 2016
Metadata Updated Date November 17, 2018
Reference Date(s) 2016 (creation)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from NOAA CSW Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date March 28, 2018
Metadata Created Date March 28, 2016
Metadata Updated Date November 17, 2018
Reference Date(s) 2016 (creation)
Responsible Party DOC/NOAA/Coral Reef Conservation Program (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints None
Bbox East Long -79.624306
Bbox North Lat 22.356700
Bbox South Lat -15.25183
Bbox West Long 142
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Guid coralreef.noaa.gov:resilence2016
Harvest Object Id 59e44094-1362-4ce6-a690-2f2e05b5a21c
Harvest Source Id 2aed8e29-fc5b-4cde-aa66-fb1118fd705e
Harvest Source Title NOAA CSW Harvest Source
Licence Please note: NOAA and CRCP make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and CRCP cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data., accessLevel: Public
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress planned
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2016-01-01
Temporal Extent End 2016-12-31

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