National Protocol Framework for the Inventory and Monitoring of Waterbirds and their Habitats:An Integrated Waterbird Management and Monitoring (IWMM) Approach

Metadata Updated: May 23, 2017

This protocol framework provides guidance for conducting inventories or monitoring surveys of waterbird habitat conditions and use at local scale in a way that will allow analysis of multiple sites from multiple regions in the Refuge System. This protocol provides a framework for rapidly assessing local habitat conditions and quantifying use of wetlands by waterfowl, shorebirds, and wading birds (hereafter referred to as waterbirds) during non-breeding periods. The majority of survey techniques described herein involve whole-wetland visual assessments of habitat conditions or counts of waterbirds conducted from the wetland perimeter. This protocol framework was developed as part of the Integrated Waterbird Management and Monitoring (IWMM) Initiative, a large-scale waterbird habitat conservation strategy currently focused on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) Regions 3, 4, and 5. A primary purpose of this protocol is to standardize waterbird and habitat monitoring during the non-breeding period at a local-scale. Resulting data can then be compiled and analyzed across broader geographic units. IWMM is a collaborative effort including the USFWS, the U.S. Geological Survey, the States, Ducks Unlimited, and other non-governmental agencies. The content and structure of the protocols described below follows standards set forth in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s How to Develop Survey Protocols: a Handbook (Version 1.0). Each of eight elements is addressed, including a protocol introduction, sampling design, field methods, data management, analysis, reporting, personnel requirements and training, operational requirements, and references. Additionally, a series of standard operating procedures provides greater detail on recommended methods and technical aspects of this protocol. Data entry, archival, and multi-scale analysis are handled through an online database that is part of the Avian Knowledge Network. When their management objectives and information needs are similar, other USFWS Regions and partners are encouraged to use this framework to develop site-specific guidance for their waterbird and habitat condition surveys.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date July 15, 2014
Metadata Updated Date May 23, 2017

Metadata Source

Harvested from fwsjson

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date July 15, 2014
Metadata Updated Date May 23, 2017
Publisher Fish and Wildlife Service
Unique Identifier FWS_ServCat_29343
Brent Frakes
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:18
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID C:\Program Files (x86)\FWS\DataStore\Application\OpenData\FWS_ServCat_v1_1.json
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 368c57ba-4af4-41ee-a6f6-325cd422f756
Harvest Source Id 269d76fb-fa7e-49d2-a6bb-3a9e3f1bee70
Harvest Source Title fwsjson
Data First Published 2015-01-01
Homepage URL
Data Last Modified 2015-01-01
Program Code 010:094, 010:028
Related Documents
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash f13ce4db8dfacf5dd252dc0af868f476d8650807
Source Schema Version 1.1
Category Protocol - Survey Framework

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