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National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessing and Monitoring Cryptic Reef Diversity of Colonizing Marine Invertebrates using Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures (ARMS) Deployed at Coral Reef Sites across the Pacific Remote Island Areas from 2011 to 2018

Metadata Updated: March 16, 2024

This dataset includes species identification data gathered from Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures (ARMS). These ARMS are used by the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (formerly the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division) to assess and monitor cryptic reef diversity in the Pacific Remote Island Areas as part of the ongoing National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP). Developed in collaboration with the Census of Marine Life (CoML) Census of Coral Reef Ecosystems (CReefs), ARMS are designed to mimic the structural complexity of a reef and attract/collect colonizing marine invertebrates. The key innovation of the ARMS method is that biodiversity is sampled over precisely the same surface area in the exact same manner.

This data was gathered at specific reef sites across the Pacific Remote Island Areas. At these sites, divers entered the water and deployed and/or recovered the ARMS unit. Each unit used to gather this data consists of 23 cm x 23 cm gray, PVC plates stacked in alternating series of 4 open and 4 obstructed layers and attached to a base plate of 35 cm x 45 cm which is affixed to the reef. They are designed to mimic the structural complexity of a reef and attract colonizing invertebrates. Soak times are approximately 3 years. Refer to the specific dataset to determine how long a particular unit was underwater as soak times can vary by location.

Upon recovery, each ARMS unit was encapsulated, brought to the surface, and disassembled and processed on-board the research ship. Disassembled plates were photographed to document recruited sessile organisms, scraped clean and preserved in 95% ethanol for future DNA processing. Recruited motile organisms were then sieved into 3 size fractions: 2 mm, 500 um, and 100 um. The 500-um and 100-um fraction was bulked and preserved in 95% ethanol for future DNA processing. The 2-mm fraction was sorted into morphospecies. These DNA sequencing data are not included in this dataset.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Date February 29, 2024
Metadata Created Date October 15, 2021
Metadata Updated Date March 16, 2024
Reference Date(s) 2017 (creation), January 7, 2020 (revision), 2020 (publication)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from NMFS PIFSC

Graphic Preview

Graphic Preview

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date February 29, 2024
Metadata Created Date October 15, 2021
Metadata Updated Date March 16, 2024
Reference Date(s) 2017 (creation), January 7, 2020 (revision), 2020 (publication)
Responsible Party (Point of Contact, Custodian)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:22465
Access Constraints Cite As: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, [Date of Access]: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessing and Monitoring Cryptic Reef Diversity of Colonizing Marine Invertebrates using Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures (ARMS) Deployed at Coral Reef Sites across the Pacific Remote Island Areas from 2011 to 2018 [Data Date Range], https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/22465., Access Constraints: None, Use Constraints: Please cite PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) when using the data. Suggested citation: Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2018). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Assessing and Monitoring Cryptic Reef Diversity of Colonizing Marine Invertebrates using Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures (ARMS) Deployed at Coral Reef Sites across the Pacific Remote Island Areas from 2011 to 2017. NOAA's National Center for Environmental Information, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/22465., Distribution Liability: While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Bbox East Long -159.99086
Bbox North Lat 6.3947
Bbox South Lat -0.3818
Bbox West Long -162.3843
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Graphic Preview File http://origin-apps-pifsc.fisheries.noaa.gov/cred/images/arms_install_sm.jpg
Graphic Preview Type JPEG
Harvest Object Id 97d03f2a-afc1-4fcb-90cd-c6381ecc01e2
Harvest Source Id c0beac72-5f43-4455-8c33-1b345fbc2dfe
Harvest Source Title NMFS PIFSC
Licence NOAA provides no warranty, nor accepts any liability occurring from any incomplete, incorrect, or misleading data, or from any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading use of the data. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether or not the data is suitable for the intended purpose.
Lineage Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures (ARMS) are assembled, deployed on the benthos for 1-3 years during which they are colonized with marine organisms, recovered and processed as described below. The > 2-mm organisms are identified and counted, and the data is recorded in an MS Access database. The smaller fractions are sent for genomic analysis, although those data are not included with this dataset. This data can be found through it’s respective metadata record in the “Related Items” section below.
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-162.3843, -0.3818], [-159.99086, -0.3818], [-159.99086, 6.3947], [-162.3843, 6.3947], [-162.3843, -0.3818]]]}
Progress underDevelopment
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2011-03-23
Temporal Extent End 2014-03-19

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