Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989

Metadata Updated: November 12, 2020

This data set contains sea ice and snow measurements collected during aircraft landings associated with the Soviet Union's historical Sever airborne and North Pole drifting station programs. The High-Latitude Airborne Annual Expeditions Sever (Sever means North) took place in 1937, 1941, 1948-1952, and 1954-1993 (Konstantinov and Grachev, 2000). In Spring 1993, the last (45th) Sever expedition finished long-term activity in the Arctic. Snow and sea ice data were collected, along with meteorological and hydrological measurements (the latter are not part of this data set). Up to 202 landings were accomplished each year. The data set contains measurements of 23 parameters, including ice thickness and snow depth on the runway and surrounding area; ridge, hummock, and sastrugi dimensions and areal coverage; and snow density. The sea ice thickness data are of particular importance, as ice thickness measurements for the Arctic Basin are scarce. These data are a subset of those used to create the atlas Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin, self-published by Ilya P. Romanov in 1993, and republished by Backbone Publishing Company in 1995. Romanov provided these data to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in 1994.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Date August 13, 2015
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) March 17, 2004 (publication)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from NSIDC

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date August 13, 2015
Metadata Created Date November 12, 2020
Metadata Updated Date November 12, 2020
Reference Date(s) March 17, 2004 (publication)
Responsible Party (Principal Investigator); National Snow and Ice Data Center (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid noaa.ncei.nsidc.G02140
Access Constraints Access Constraints : none, Use Constraints : none
Bbox East Long 180
Bbox North Lat 90
Bbox South Lat 64
Bbox West Long -180
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Licence
Metadata Language eng; usa
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress complete
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 19280601
Temporal Extent End 19890531

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