Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Skip to content

MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity 8-Day L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061

Metadata Updated: May 27, 2024

A suite of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity (LST&E) products are available in Collection 6.1. The MOD21 Land Surface Temperature (LST) algorithm differs from the algorithm of the MOD11 (https://doi.org/10.5067/modis/mod11_l2.061) LST products, in that the MOD21 algorithm is based on the ASTER Temperature/Emissivity Separation (TES) technique, whereas the MOD11 uses the split-window technique. The MOD21 TES algorithm uses a physics-based algorithm to dynamically retrieve both the LST and spectral emissivity simultaneously from the MODIS thermal infrared bands 29, 31, and 32. The TES algorithm is combined with an improved Water Vapor Scaling (WVS) atmospheric correction scheme to stabilize the retrieval during very warm and humid conditions.

The MOD21C2 dataset is an 8-day composite LST product that uses an algorithm based on a simple averaging method. The algorithm calculates the average from all the cloud free MOD21A1D (http://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21A1D.061) and MOD21A1N (http://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21A1N.061) daily acquisitions from the 8-day period. Unlike the MOD21A1 data sets where the daytime and nighttime acquisitions are separate products, the MOD21A2 contains both daytime and nighttime acquisitions as separate Science Dataset (SDS) layers within a single Hierarchical Data Format (HDF) file. The LST, Quality Control (QC), view zenith angle, and viewing time have separate day and night SDS layers, while the values for the MODIS emissivity bands 29, 31, and 32 are the average of both the nighttime and daytime acquisitions. Additional details regarding the method used to create this Level 3 (L3) product are available in the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD) (https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/documents/1399/MOD21_ATBD.pdf).

Validation at stage 1 (https://modis-land.gsfc.nasa.gov/MODLAND_val.html) has been achieved for the MODIS Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity data products. Further details regarding MODIS land product validation for the MOD21 data products are available from the MODIS Land Team Validation site (https://modis-land.gsfc.nasa.gov/ValStatus.php?ProductID=MOD21).

Improvements/Changes from Previous Versions

  • The Version 6.1 Level-1B (L1B) products have been improved by undergoing various calibration changes that include: changes to the response-versus-scan angle (RVS) approach that affects reflectance bands for Aqua and Terra MODIS, corrections to adjust for the optical crosstalk in Terra MODIS infrared (IR) bands, and corrections to the Terra MODIS forward look-up table (LUT) update for the period 2012 - 2017.
  • A polarization correction has been applied to the L1B Reflective Solar Bands (RSB).
  • The product utilizes GEOS data replacing MERRA2.
  • Three new CMG products are available in the MxD21 suite (MxD21C1/C2/C3).

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Created Date May 30, 2023
Metadata Updated Date May 27, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Graphic Preview

Browse image for Earthdata Search

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 30, 2023
Metadata Updated Date May 27, 2024
Publisher LP DAAC
Maintainer
Identifier C2565791047-LPCLOUD
Data First Published 2021-02-08
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2021-02-08
Category Terra, geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Citation Glynn Hulley, Simon Hook. 2021-02-08. MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity 8-Day L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061. Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA. Archived by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Government, NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C2.061. https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C2.061. The DOI landing page provides citations in APA and Chicago styles..
Creator Glynn Hulley, Simon Hook
Graphic Preview Description Browse image for Earthdata Search
Graphic Preview File https://cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov/browse-scaler/browse_images/granules/G2637877196-LPCLOUD?h=85&w=85
Harvest Object Id facf102b-51cf-4300-9ba9-da45ae433157
Harvest Source Id 58f92550-7a01-4f00-b1b2-8dc953bd598f
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Homepage URL https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C2.061
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -180.0 -90.0 180.0 90.0
Program Code 026:001
Release Place Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash d85a6a5ce3df59dc5b97d2f1a7de3c7f8383b3e0ad0b1c6df3223604113cde5b
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial
Temporal 2000-02-18T00:00:00Z/2024-05-27T00:00:00Z

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.