MODFLOW-NWT model used in simulation of groundwater flow and availability in the North Fork Red River aquifer, southwest Oklahoma, 1980-2013

Metadata Updated: December 4, 2018

In 2017 the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board, published a calibrated numerical groundwater-flow model and associated model documentation report that evaluated the effects of potential groundwater withdrawals on groundwater flow and availability in the North Fork Red River aquifer in southwest Oklahoma. The results of groundwater-availability scenarios run on the calibrated numerical groundwater-flow model could be used by the Oklahoma Water Resources Board to reevaluate the maximum annual yield of groundwater from the North Fork Red River aquifer in Oklahoma. The numerical groundwater-flow model was built on a hydrogeologic framework and a conceptual groundwater-flow model derived from previously published and newly collected hydrologic data. A hydrogeologic framework is a three-dimensional representation of the aquifer and the surrounding geologic units at a scale that captures the regional controls on groundwater flow. The hydrogeologic framework for the North Fork Red River aquifer included a definition of the aquifer extent and potentiometric surface, as well as a description of the textural and hydraulic properties of aquifer materials. A conceptual groundwater-flow model is a simplified description of the major inflow and outflow sources (hydrologic boundaries) of a groundwater-flow system as well as an accounting of the estimated mean flows from those sources (water budget) for a specified period of time. The hydrogeologic framework and conceptual model are necessary constraints used in the construction and calibration of a scientifically defensible numerical groundwater-flow model that reasonably represents the groundwater-flow system. A finite-difference numerical groundwater-flow model of the North Fork Red River aquifer was constructed by using MODFLOW-2005 with the Newton formulation solver (MODFLOW-NWT). Data inputs for each package were specified in machine-readable text files. The numerical model of the North Fork Red River aquifer had 385 rows, 460 columns, about 27,600 active cells of 886 by 886 ft (270 by 270 meters), and 2 convertible layers. The top layer (layer 1) represented the undifferentiated Quaternary alluvium and terrace deposits with variable thickness determined from the hydrogeologic framework, and the bottom layer (layer 2) represented the Permian bedrock with a nominal thickness of about 100 feet. The model active area was created from the North Fork Red River aquifer extent and expanded in some areas to ensure that each active cell was in connection with at least one other active cell. One terrace lobe in northern Beckham County was not included in the model active area because it was almost separated spatially and hydraulically from the rest of the North Fork Red River aquifer. The numerical model was temporally discretized into 408 monthly transient stress periods (each with 2 time steps) representing the period 1980–2013. An initial steady-state stress period, in which the groundwater-flow equation had no storage component, represented mean annual inflows to and outflows from the aquifer and produced a solution that was used as the initial condition for subsequent transient stress periods. The numerical model was constructed in units of meters and days. This USGS data release contains all of the input and output files for the simulations described in the associated model documentation report (

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License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Date July 21, 2017
Metadata Created Date December 1, 2018
Metadata Updated Date December 4, 2018
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2017 (publication)
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Frequency Of Update notPlanned

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI CKAN Harvest Source

Graphic Preview

Image showing the model domain with active and inactive areas of the numerical groundwater-flow model for the North Fork Red River aquifer in southwest Oklahoma

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date July 21, 2017
Metadata Created Date December 1, 2018
Metadata Updated Date December 4, 2018
Reference Date(s) January 1, 2017 (publication)
Responsible Party U.S. Geological Survey Oklahoma Water Science Center (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Use Constraints: Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any data, software, information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. Trade, firm, or product names and other references to non-USGS products and services are provided for information only and do not constitute endorsement or warranty, express or implied, by the USGS, USDOI, or U.S. Government, as to their suitability, content, usefulness, functioning, completeness, or accuracy., Access Constraints: None. Acknowledgement of the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated in products derived from this data release.
Bbox East Long -98.87130
Bbox North Lat 35.51279
Bbox South Lat 34.56934
Bbox West Long -100.24085
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Graphic Preview Description Image showing the model domain with active and inactive areas of the numerical groundwater-flow model for the North Fork Red River aquifer in southwest Oklahoma
Graphic Preview File
Graphic Preview Type jpg
Harvest Object Id 26721a90-6d0a-48ce-a7cb-f1eb1f50b27f
Harvest Source Id 34ce571b-cb98-4e0b-979f-30f9ecc452c5
Harvest Source Title DOI CKAN Harvest Source
Licence The data have been approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Although the data have been subjected to rigorous review and are substantially complete, the USGS reserves the right to revise the data pursuant to further analysis and review. Furthermore, the data are released on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from authorized or unauthorized use. Although the data, software, and related material have been processed successfully on a computer system at the USGS, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data for other purposes, nor on all computer systems, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The USGS or the U.S. Government shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester true
Temporal Extent Begin 1980-01-01
Temporal Extent End 2013-12-31

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