Iodine Hall Thruster for Space Exploration Project

Metadata Updated: July 8, 2015

In the Phase I program, Busek Co. Inc. tested an existing Hall thruster, the BHT-8000, on iodine propellant. The thruster was fed by a high flow iodine feed system, and supported by an existing Busek hollow cathode flowing xenon gas. The Phase I propellant feed system was evolved from a previously demonstrated laboratory feed system. Throttling of the thruster between 2 and 11 kW at 200-600V was demonstrated. Testing has shown that the efficiency of iodine fueled BHT-8000 is the same as with xenon, with iodine delivering slightly higher thrust to power (T/P).

Plume current was also measured at a variety of operating conditions. Preliminary design work for a new thruster to be built in Phase II was also completed.

In Phase II a complete iodine fueled system will be developed including the thruster, hollow cathode, and iodine propellant feed system. The nominal power of the Phase II system is 8 kW. However, it can be deeply throttled as well as clustered to much higher power levels. The technology can also be scaled to [HTML_REMOVED]100 kW per thruster to support MW-class missions. The target thruster efficiency for the full scale system is 65[HTML_REMOVED] at high Isp (~3000 s) and 60[HTML_REMOVED] at high thrust (Isp~2000 s). These projections are based on Phase I testing and prior testing of higher power thrusters.

Iodine enables dramatic mass and cost savings for lunar and Mars cargo missions, including Earth escape and near-Earth space maneuvers. High purity iodine is available commercially in large quantities at much lower cost than xenon. Iodine stores at 2 to 3 times greater density than xenon and at approximately one thousandth of the pressure and may be stored in low mass, low cost propellant tanks instead. Passive, long term storage of a fully fueled system is feasible including storage in conformal tanks which may be used to shield internal components against some types of space radiation.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: U.S. Government Work

Downloads & Resources

References

http://techport.nasa.gov/home
http://techport.nasa.gov/doc/home/TechPort_Advanced_Search.pdf
http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=6561
http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=3456
http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=3447
http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=6584
http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=6560
http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=3448

Dates

Metadata Created Date April 9, 2015
Metadata Updated Date July 8, 2015

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date April 9, 2015
Metadata Updated Date July 8, 2015
Publisher Space Technology Mission Directorate
Unique Identifier TECHPORT_16720
Maintainer
Gary Jahns
Maintainer Email
Id {$oid: 55942a8bc63a7fe59b49842c}
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
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Harvest Source Id 39e4ad2a-47ca-4507-8258-852babd0fd99
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Data First Published 2013-07-01T00:00:00Z
Homepage URL http://techport.nasa.gov/view/16720
Language en-US
License http://www.usa.gov/publicdomain/label/1.0/
Data Last Modified 2015-03-12
Program Code 026:027
Publisher Hierarchy National Aeronautics and Space Administration > Space Technology Mission Directorate
Related Documents http://techport.nasa.gov/home, http://techport.nasa.gov/doc/home/TechPort_Advanced_Search.pdf, http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=6561, http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=3456, http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=3447, http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=6584, http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=6560, http://techport.nasa.gov/fetchFile?objectId=3448
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 6525d7054f23e9557bec4ec08d30788d3e840a04
Source Schema Version 1.1
Temporal 2013-07-01T00:00:00Z/2015-01-01T00:00:00Z

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