Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Skip to content

Identify sources of high E. coli concentrations, beaches of southern Lake Michigan, 2015, (version 2.0, July 2020)

Metadata Updated: October 28, 2023

Data were collected as part of a study to identify sources of E. coli contamination at several beaches located in the Grand Calumet River Areas of Concern, located in northern Indiana on Lake Michigan, as well as in Illinois and Wisconsin on Lake Michigan. Water samples were collected at each site in Indiana three times a week for thirteen weeks and at each site in Illinois and Wisconsin. All samples were analyzed for E. coli bacteria (an indicator bacteria for fecal contamination) and species-specific molecular markers (microbial source tracking, MST), including human, gull, and dog. Presence of MST markers indicates a fecal source at that location associated with the target animal. Field conditions were recorded during each site visit (e.g., including air and water temp, wind speed and direction, rainfall, wave height, currents, observations). Water samples were analyzed in the laboratory for E. coli using defined substrate technology and for MST markers using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) methods and also turbidity. Lat_long_v2 file includes information regarding sampling locations and their corresponding latitude and longitudes. The E coli_turbidity_v2 data include E. coli densities and turbidity measurements. Data from the qpcr_v4 file includes results from quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method for detection of host-specific microbial source tracking markers. Data from SanitarySurvey includes ambient conditions measured in the field: water and air temperature, current speed and direction (eastward, westward, float method), wind direction and speed, wave height, rainfall, and cloud cover. Data from SanitarySurvey_birds included number of birds (gulls, geese, ducks, cormorants, etc.) counted on the beach and in the water. The PowerWater.pdf is the DNA extraction kits' user manual giving detailed instructions for use.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date October 28, 2023
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:5ea85e0e82cefae35a1fae4a
Data Last Modified 20200820
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id d1ccb257-e1a2-4681-9eb6-5bc0f1f045b9
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -87.8172,41.6414,-87.422,42.7616
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 74d1af0420f986204ca67e1ce5ba156e349c523e59d4f0a6fdf4f28f3126af68
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -87.8172, 41.6414, -87.8172, 42.7616, -87.422, 42.7616, -87.422, 41.6414, -87.8172, 41.6414}

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.

An official website of the GSA's Technology Transformation Services

Looking for U.S. government information and services?