Horn Coupled Multichroic Polarimeters with Comprehensive Frequency Coverage and Integrated Readout for Future CMB Missions

Metadata Updated: February 28, 2019

Precision measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) have the potential to transform our understanding of cosmology and fundamental physics. A detection of B-mode polarization on large angular scales can reveal the existence of gravitational waves produced in the earliest moments of the universe, during the epoch of inflation. If detected, this signal would probe physics near the Grand Unification energy scale. The detection of the B-mode signal requires not only high-sensitivity and control of instrument systematics but also requires astrophysical foreground characterization and separation. Measurements with broad frequency coverage subdivided into many bands offer the best solution to this challenge. We propose to develop novel arrays of feedhorn-coupled, multichroic polarimeters that maximize sensitivity, control systematic effects, and provide comprehensive frequency coverage (25-650 GHz) to characterize and remove foregrounds to enable measurement of the faint inflationary signatures in the CMB. We further propose to demonstrate a transformative wafer-level integration of bolometric sensors and multiplexed readout that drastically reduces focal plane complexity, cost, and mass. We will achieve these goals by scaling existing 2:1 ratio bandwidth designs to different frequency bands, increasing the number of spectral bands per spatial pixel, and exploring a new detector architecture, based on quadrupole-ridge waveguide coupling that achieves 3:1 ratio bandwidth. Power sensing is achieved with sensitivity and low-frequency stability proven superconducting transition-edge sensors (TES) bolometers, and these sensors are read out with an on-wafer integrated microwave SQUID multiplexer. This aspect of the proposed work enables TES detectors to acquire the same straightforward multiplexing architecture as microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs) while retaining the sensor qualities that have made TESs the workhorse of CMB science. The proposed work will boost sensitivity, increase spectral resolution, reduce focal plane mass, and vastly simplify focal plane integration for future satellite missions. This detector architecture represent a logical technology for a definitive all-sky CMB polarization satellite experiment.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: U.S. Government Work

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Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019
Publisher Space Technology Mission Directorate
Unique Identifier TECHPORT_92254
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Harvest Object Id abcd0179-91e5-42e3-89a0-3cdff99517a7
Harvest Source Id 39e4ad2a-47ca-4507-8258-852babd0fd99
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Data First Published 2019-12-01
Homepage URL https://techport.nasa.gov/view/92254
License http://www.usa.gov/publicdomain/label/1.0/
Data Last Modified 2018-09-07
Program Code 026:027
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash cf1f4fcc6de9a3fba2198ebdf0a492d47d56df6f
Source Schema Version 1.1

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