Historical Land-Cover Change and Land-Use Conversions Global Dataset

Metadata Updated: March 11, 2021

A set of three estimates of land-cover types and annual transformations of land use are provided on a global 0.5 x0.5 degree lat/lon grid at annual time steps. The longest of the three estimates spans 1770-2010. The dataset presented here takes into account land-cover change due to four major land-use/management activities: (1) cropland expansion and abandonment, (2) pastureland expansion and abandonment, (3) urbanization, and (4) secondary forest regrowth due to wood harvest. Due to uncertainties associated with estimating historical agricultural (crops and pastures) land use, the study uses three widely accepted global reconstruction of cropland and pastureland in combination with common wood harvest and urban land data set to provide three distinct estimates of historical land-cover change and underlying land-use conversions. Hence, these distinct historical reconstructions offer a wide range of plausible regional estimates of uncertainty and extent to which different ecosystem have undergone changes. The three estimates use a consistent methodology, and start with a common land-cover map during pre-industrial conditions (year 1765), taking different courses as determined by the land-use/management datasets (cropland, pastureland, urbanization and wood harvest) to attain forest area distributions close to satellite estimates of forests for contemporary period. The satellite based estimates of forest area are based on MODIS sensor. All data uses the WGS84 spatial coordinate system for mapping.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date March 11, 2021
Metadata Updated Date March 11, 2021
Data Update Frequency irregular

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date March 11, 2021
Metadata Updated Date March 11, 2021
Publisher UI-UC/ATMO > Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Point of Contact); DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (Point of Contact)
Unique Identifier Unknown
Identifier gov.noaa.ncdc:C00814
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2012-09-06
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 006:48
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -180.0, -90.0, 180.0, -90.0, 180.0, 90.0, -180.0, 90.0, -180.0, -90.0}
Program Code 006:059
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash aeca78a0ce0457b6a93ce3e25eccbef647013fd2
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -180.0, -90.0, 180.0, -90.0, 180.0, 90.0, -180.0, 90.0, -180.0, -90.0}
Temporal 1770-01-01T00:00:00/2010-12-31T00:00:00

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