High Energy, Long Cycle Life, and Extreme Temperature Lithium-Sulfur Battery for Venus Missions

Metadata Updated: February 28, 2019

Most space missions utilize some form of energy storage, such as a battery on their spacecraft. The need for long cycle life, high energy density batteries with minimal self-discharge and enhanced safety are the most critical requirements of energy storage systems used in extended duration space missions. Venus presents the most significant challenge to energy storage systems due to a combination of high temperature (452°C) and presence of corrosive gases (CO2, CO, SO2, and N2). While the rechargeable high temperature sodium sulfur batteries have been previously operated on space-shuttle flights, concerns with their safety due to the highly reactive sodium metal, limited energy density (theoretical = 760 Wh kg-1), corrosive discharge products at 100% depth of discharge, and use of solid electrolyte with poor mechanical strengths and ionic conductivities (e.g. beta-alumina) pose limitations for their use in extended duration space missions such as to Venus. In contrast, the lithium sulfur battery has higher energy density (theoretical = 2735 Wh kg-1), is safer due to the higher ionization energy of lithium vs. sodium, and its discharge product, Li2S, is not corrosive. This proposed research will explore the combined capabilities of high energy density lithium sulfur batteries incorporating solid-state, high-temperature stable, superionic (Li+ only) electrolytes, including phosphates, garnet-type metal-oxide ceramics, and sulfides, that can enable operation of high energy and power densities, high cycle-life, low self-discharge and high safety, rechargeable molten lithium sulfur batteries in Venus-like conditions. Technically, the specific aims of this proposed research include (i) the design of stable interfaces between the solid electrolytes and the molten lithium and sulfur electrodes, (ii) a novel scheme to construct porous ceramic solid electrolyte hosts to encapsulate active cathode materials, and (iii) hollow lithiated silicon anodes to restrict the fracture of solid electrolytes by confining electrode volume changes, and (iv) construction of a high energy, long cycle life, safe and durable lithium sulfur battery incorporating the above improved components operable at temperatures 200-500°C. These aims will map the parameter space for electrochemical performance, high temperature stability, interfacial properties, and mechanisms for cell degradation of the proposed lithium sulfur batteries. The success of high temperature, safe, and long cycle life lithium sulfur batteries will enable a sustainable energy source to propel not only future NASA space missions in extreme environments but also terrestrial applications such as grid energy storage and downhole explorations in the oil and gas industry where temperatures exceed 200°C.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: U.S. Government Work

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Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019

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Harvested from NASA Data.json

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Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date February 28, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 28, 2019
Publisher Space Technology Mission Directorate
Unique Identifier TECHPORT_92914
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
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Harvest Object Id c1f23fa2-9247-4bb6-9abe-09de5ab1fa3f
Harvest Source Id 39e4ad2a-47ca-4507-8258-852babd0fd99
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Data First Published 2020-04-01
Homepage URL https://techport.nasa.gov/view/92914
License http://www.usa.gov/publicdomain/label/1.0/
Data Last Modified 2018-09-07
Program Code 026:027
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 632b4534af7969b4f4d6e63f8ac61b57741157e8
Source Schema Version 1.1

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