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Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to present

Metadata Updated: March 11, 2021

The Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database is a global listing of over 600 eruptions from 4360 BC to the present. A significant eruption is classified as one that meets at least one of the following criteria: caused fatalities, caused moderate damage (approximately $1 million or more), Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or greater, generated a tsunami, or was associated with a significant earthquake. The database provides information on the latitude, longitude, elevation, type of volcano, last known eruption, VEI index, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates. References, political geography, and additional comments are also provided for each eruption. If the eruption was associated with a tsunami or significant earthquake, it is flagged and linked to the related database. For a complete list of current and past activity for all volcanoes on the planet active during the last 10,000 years, please see Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP).

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date March 11, 2021
Metadata Updated Date March 11, 2021
Data Update Frequency irregular

Metadata Source

Harvested from Commerce Non Spatial Data.json Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date March 11, 2021
Metadata Updated Date March 11, 2021
Publisher DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (Point of Contact)
Unique Identifier Unknown
Identifier gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.hazards:G10147
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2001-03-23
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency irregular
Bureau Code 006:48
Metadata Context
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id fee0b9e4-18db-457a-a5e5-557a37c325e3
Harvest Source Id bce99b55-29c1-47be-b214-b8e71e9180b1
Harvest Source Title Commerce Non Spatial Data.json Harvest Source
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -180.0, -63.0, 180.0, -63.0, 180.0, 71.0, -180.0, 71.0, -180.0, -63.0}
Program Code 006:059
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 6a00efcbe8f8a9a952fdfaf40de28622bb394303
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -180.0, -63.0, 180.0, -63.0, 180.0, 71.0, -180.0, 71.0, -180.0, -63.0}

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