Global Significant Earthquake Database, 2150 BC to present

Metadata Updated: February 4, 2017

The Significant Earthquake Database is a global listing of over 5,700 earthquakes from 2150 BC to the present. A significant earthquake is classified as one that meets at least one of the following criteria: caused deaths, caused moderate damage (approximately $1 million or more), magnitude 7.5 or greater, Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) X or greater, or the earthquake generated a tsunami. The database provides information on the date and time of occurrence, latitude and longitude, focal depth, magnitude, maximum MMI intensity, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates. References, political geography, and additional comments are also provided for each earthquake. If the earthquake was associated with a tsunami or volcanic eruption, it is flagged and linked to the related tsunami event or significant volcanic eruption.

Access & Use Information

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Date October 1, 2015
Metadata Created Date September 26, 2015
Metadata Updated Date February 4, 2017
Reference Date(s) January 1, 1972 (publication)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from NOAA CSW Harvest Source

Graphic Preview

Global plot of significant earthquakes

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date October 1, 2015
Metadata Created Date September 26, 2015
Metadata Updated Date February 4, 2017
Reference Date(s) January 1, 1972 (publication)
Responsible Party DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Significant Earthquake Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K [access date], Access to this dataset is unrestricted., While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Bbox East Long 180
Bbox North Lat 71
Bbox South Lat -63
Bbox West Long -179
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Graphic Preview Description Global plot of significant earthquakes
Graphic Preview File
Graphic Preview Type jpg
Guid gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.hazards:G012153
Harvest Object Id 867a99e6-a3c1-41ed-9f49-ae40bea97846
Harvest Source Id 2aed8e29-fc5b-4cde-aa66-fb1118fd705e
Harvest Source Title NOAA CSW Harvest Source
Licence Please cite the originator of the data set, the date downloaded, and the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, as the source of the data.
Metadata Language
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress underDevelopment
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin -2150-00-00

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