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GHRSST Level 2P Global Sea Surface Skin Temperature from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the NASA Terra satellite (GDS2)

Metadata Updated: December 6, 2023

NASA produces skin sea surface temperature (SST) products from the Infrared (IR) channels of the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) onboard the Terra satellite. Terra was launched by NASA on December 18, 1999, into a sun synchronous, polar orbit with a daylight descending node at 10:30 am, to study the global dynamics of the Earth atmosphere, land and oceans. The MODIS captures data in 36 spectral bands at a variety of spatial resolutions. Two SST products can be present in these files. The first is a skin SST produced for both day and night observations, derived from the long wave IR 11 and 12 micron wavelength channels, using a modified nonlinear SST algorithm intended to provide continuity with SST derived from heritage and current NASA sensors. At night, a second SST product is produced using the mid-infrared 3.95 and 4.05 micron channels which are unique to MODIS; the SST derived from these measurements is identified as SST4. The SST4 product has lower uncertainty, but due to sun glint can only be produced at night. MODIS L2P SST data have a 1 km spatial resolution at nadir and are stored in 288 five minute granules per day. Full global coverage is obtained every two days, with coverage poleward of 32.3 degree being complete each day. The production of MODIS L2P SST files is part of the Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) project, and is a joint collaboration between the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the NASA Ocean Biology Processing Group (OBPG), and the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS). Researchers at RSMAS are responsible for SST algorithm development, error statistics and quality flagging, while the OBPG, as the NASA ground data system, is responsible for the production of daily MODIS ocean products. JPL acquires MODIS ocean granules from the OBPG and reformats them to the GHRSST L2P netCDF specification with complete metadata and ancillary variables, and distributes the data as the official Physical Oceanography Data Archive (PO.DAAC) for SST. The R2019.0 supersedes the previous R2014.0 datasets which can be found at https://doi.org/10.5067/GHMDT-2PJ02

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

References

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.04.023

Dates

Metadata Created Date December 1, 2022
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Graphic Preview

Thumbnail

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date December 1, 2022
Metadata Updated Date December 6, 2023
Publisher NASA/JPL/PODAAC
Maintainer
Identifier C1940475563-POCLOUD
Data First Published 2019-12-31
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2019-12-31
Category GHRSST, geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://data.nasa.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Citation JPL/OBPG/RSMAS. 2020-01-15. GHRSST Level 2P Global Sea Surface Skin Temperature from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA Terra. Version 2019.0. MODIS Terra L2P swath SST data set. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA, USA. Archived by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Government, Jet Propulsion Laboratory. https://doi.org/10.5067/GHMDT-2PJ19. JPL/OBPG/RSMAS, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2020-01-15, GHRSST Level 2P Global Sea Surface Skin Temperature from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the NASA Terra satellite (GDS2), Information on the the MODIS SST algorithm can be found in the following documents: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/atbd/atbd_mod25.pdf and http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/DOCS/modis_sst/.
Creator JPL/OBPG/RSMAS
Graphic Preview Description Thumbnail
Graphic Preview File https://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/Podaac/thumbnails/MODIS_T-JPL-L2P-v2019.0.jpg
Harvest Object Id 79e8c622-1cf8-40cc-bc4b-c32e79be7ac0
Harvest Source Id 58f92550-7a01-4f00-b1b2-8dc953bd598f
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Homepage URL https://doi.org/10.5067/GHMDT-2PJ19
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -180.0 -90.0 180.0 90.0
Program Code 026:001
Related Documents http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.04.023
Release Place Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA, USA
Series Name GHRSST Level 2P Global Sea Surface Skin Temperature from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA Terra
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 70a93728270342e9617422f0dfbce1af31049e43d52f603e35ba15e758f42923
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial
Temporal 2000-02-24T00:00:00Z/2023-03-01T00:00:00Z

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