GHRSST GDS2 Level 2P Global Subskin Sea Surface Temperature version 2.60 from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the NOAA-20 satellite created by the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) (GDS version 2)

Metadata Updated: February 27, 2019

NOAA-20, designated the Joint Polar Satellite System 1 (JPSS-1) prior to launch, is the first of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's latest generation of U.S. polar-orbiting, environmental satellites launched on November 18, 2017. NOAA is responsible for all JPSS products, including SST from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). VIIRS is a whiskbroom scanning radiometer which takes measurements in the cross-track direction within a field of view of 112.56 degrees using 16 detectors and a double-sided mirror assembly. At a nominal altitude of 829 km, the swath width is 3060 km, providing global daily coverage for both day and night passes. VIIRS has 22 spectral bands covering the spectrum from 0.4-12 micrometers, including 16 moderate resolution bands (M-bands).

The SST product is derived at the native sensor resolution (~0.75 km at nadir, ~1.5 km at swath edge) using NOAA's Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) system. ACSPO output L2P files are 10 minute granules in netCDF4 format, compliant with the GHRSST Data Specification version 2 (GDS2). There are 144 granules per 24hr interval, with a total data volume of 27GB/day. In addition to pixel-level earth locations, Sun-sensor geometry, and ancillary data from the NCEP global weather forecast, ACSPO outputs include three brightness temperatures (BTs) in M12 (3.7microns), M15 (11microns), and M16 (12microns) bands, and two reflectances in M5 (0.67microns) and M7 (0.87microns) bands. The reflectances are used for cloud identification.

SSTs are derived from BTs using the Multi-Channel SST (MCSST; night) and Non-Linear SST (NLSST; day) algorithms (Petrenko et al., 2014). An ACSPO clear-sky mask (ACSM) is provided in each pixel as part of variable l2p_flags, which also includes day/night, land, ice, twilight, and glint flags (Petrenko et al., 2010). Fill values are reported at all pixels, including pixels at >5 km inland. For each valid water pixel (defined as ocean, sea, lake or river, and up to 5 km inland), the following layers are reported: BTs in M12, 15, and 16 (included for those users interested in direct "radiance assimilation", e.g., NOAA NCEP, NASA GMAO). Other variables include NCEP wind speed; and ACSPO SST minus reference SST (Canadian Met Centre 0.1deg L4 SST; available at https://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/dataset/CMC0.1deg-CMC-L4-GLOB-v3.0). Only ACSM confidently clear pixels are recommended (equivalent to GDS2 quality level=5 reported for each pixel). Per GDS2 specifications, two additional Sensor-Specific Error Statistics layers (SSES bias and standard deviation) are reported in each pixel with QL=5. Note that users of ACSPO data have the flexibility to ignore the ACSM and derive their own clear-sky mask to apply to BTs and SSTs. They may also ignore ACSPO SSTs, and derive their own SSTs from the original BTs.

The ACSPO VIIRS L2P product is monitored and validated against in situ data (Xu and Ignatov, 2014) using the Satellite Quality Monitor SQUAM (Dash et al, 2010) and MICROS (Liang and Ignatov, 2011). A reduced size (1GB/day), equal-angle gridded (0.02 deg resolution), ACSPO L3U product is also available at https://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/dataset/VIIRS_N20-OSPO-L3U-v2.60, where gridded L2P SSTs with QL=5 only are reported, and BT layers omitted.

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License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Date February 7, 2019
Metadata Created Date February 27, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 27, 2019
Reference Date(s) November 16, 2018 (publication), February 7, 2019 (revision)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

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Resource Type Series
Metadata Date February 7, 2019
Metadata Created Date February 27, 2019
Metadata Updated Date February 27, 2019
Reference Date(s) November 16, 2018 (publication), February 7, 2019 (revision)
Responsible Party (Point of Contact); STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Cite as: Ignatov, Alexander; Kihai, Yury; Petrenko, Boris; Jonasson, Olafur; Pennybacker, Matthew; Gladkova, Irina; Sapper, John F. (2018). GHRSST GDS2 Level 2P Global Subskin Sea Surface Temperature version 2.60 from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the NOAA-20 satellite created by the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) (GDS version 2). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.25921/sfs7-9688 [access date], NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Bbox East Long 180
Bbox North Lat 90
Bbox South Lat -90
Bbox West Long -180
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Graphic Preview Description Preview graphic
Graphic Preview File https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/gfx?id=gov.noaa.nodc:GHRSST-VIIRS_N20-OSPO-L2P
Graphic Preview Type PNG
Guid gov.noaa.nodc:GHRSST-VIIRS_N20-OSPO-L2P
Harvest Object Id f316fa73-b701-4a79-8930-d3f13fc8bb28
Harvest Source Id 2aed8e29-fc5b-4cde-aa66-fb1118fd705e
Harvest Source Title NOAA CSW Harvest Source
Licence accessLevel: Public
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress onGoing
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2018-11-07

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